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Manuscript Studies
Medieval and Early Modern

Bibliography: Manuscripts: codicology

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Agati, Maria Luisa. The Manuscript Book: A Compendium of Codicology. 3rd ed. Trans. Colin W. Swift. Studia Archaeologica 214. Rome: "L'ERMA" di Brettschneider, 2017. [First Italian edition published in 2003, 2nd ed. 2009.] [Publisher's description: "This work has been conceived by the author as an enlarged version of the original volume Il libro manoscritto: Introduzione alla codicologia, already published in this series (n 124). At a time when the breaking down of political and ideological barriers has become an urgent necessity, investigating the science of the book before Gutenberg, i.e., Codicology, considered by the author in its entirety--the history of the ancient and medieval book and the relative manufacturing techniques up to its modern-day place of conservation, and the history of studies undertaken--goes beyond the confines of Greek and Latin civilisations of the western academic tradition. In an attempt at comparative methodology, allowing an improved reading of many artisanal book production phenomena, where possible, those cultures which have come into contact with our own are presented; from East to West, above all Byzantium, the age-old, multi-ethnic empire which gathered and salvaged both Roman and Greek civilisations, an inheritance which it enhanced with cultural and linguistic practices, as well as book and artistic techniques from a diversity of backgrounds."] [Contents: The study of the handwritten book or codicology -- Writing supports before paper -- Paper -- The morphology of the book -- The codex: Material organization of the quire -- Preparing the page: Preliminary operations -- The mise-en-page -- Transcribing the text -- Reading between the lines: traces left by the scribe, a[s] valuable sources of information -- Illumination -- The binding -- A history of the manuscript book: Circulation, use, conservation, cataloguing.] [* Subject headings: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; manuscript production *]

Andrews, Tara L., and Caroline Macé. Analysis of Ancient and Medieval Texts and Manuscripts: Digital Approaches. Lectio 1. Turnhout: Brepols, 2014. [Papers presented at a workshop held April 2-3, 2012, in Leuven and in Brussels, Belgium. Publisher's description: "How has the digital turn truly changed the nature of our research, particularly in the field of medieval scholarship where our collections are almost never large enough to justify the term 'big data'? All kind of new avenues of research are emerging, thanks to the creativity of scholars and to their interest in what digital means can offer. This collection of articles aims to give an up-to-date overview of the use of computer-assisted methods in several fields of scholarship dealing with ancient and medieval texts and manuscripts (from codicology and palaeography to textual criticism and literary or historical studies), across the boundaries of language and period. In moving away from theoretical debates about what the field of digital humanities is or should be, we present here a clearer picture of what textual scholars can achieve when they use computers for their research needs and purposes, and what their expectations may be in terms of the technology and developments in computational methodology."] [Contents: Part 1: Stemmatology. "The possibilities and challenges of computer-assisted stemmatology: the example of Vita et miracula S. Symeonis Treverensis," Tuomas Heikkila; "Petrus Alfonsi, or, On the mutual benefit of traditional and computerised stemmatology," Philipp Roelli; "Genealogical variant locations and simplified stemma: a test case," Jean-Baptistee Camps and Florian Cafiero; "The problems of the transmission of the Avestan texts and the Tools for Avestan Text Criticism (TATEC)," Alberto Cantera. Part 2: Statistics and stylistics. "Simulation of scribal letter substitution," Armin Hoenen; "Authors, scribes, and scholars: detecting scribal variation and editorial intervention via authorship attribution methods," Karina van Dalen-Oskam; "Generic constans and chronological variations in statistical linguistics on Latin epistolography," Francesco Stella. Part 3: Intertextuality. "Intertextual research with digital variants in Musisque Deoque: a case study," Linda Spinazzé; "A database of the Apophthegmata Patrum," Samuel Rubenson; "Sharing ancient wisdoms across the Semantic Web using TEI and ontologies," Charlotte Tupman and Anna Jordanous; "Toward the digital history of the pre-modern Muslim world: developing text-mining techniques for the study of Arabic biographical collections," Maxim Romanov. Part 4: Script analysis. "Palaeography, computer-aided palaeography and digital palaeography: digital tools applied to the study of Visigothic script," Ainoa Castro Correa; "Implementing a database for the analysis of ancient inscriptions: new developments in the Hesperia electronic corpus of Palaeohispanic inscriptions," Eugenio R. Luján and Eduardo Orduña. Part 5: Codicology. "Ink identification to accompany digitization of manuscripts," Ira Rabin; "Going online is not enough!: electronic descriptions of ancient manuscripts, and the needs of manuscript studies," Patrick Andrist. Part 6: Conclusion. "By way of conclusion: Truly scholarly, digital, and innovative editions?" Joris J. van Zundert.] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology (use of computers); palaeography; textual criticism and editing; computational methods *]

Backhouse, Janet. The Sherborne Missal. London: British Library, 1999. [The Sherborne Missal (now London, British Library, Addit. MS 74236) was acquired (from the Duke of Northumberland) by the British Library in 1998.] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Caldwell, R. A. "The Scribe of the Chaucer MS, C.U.L. Gg.4.27." Modern Language Quarterly 5 (1944): 33-44. [Cambridge University Library, MS Gg.4.27, the earliest attempt at a complete collection of Chaucer's works.] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; manuscript production; scribes and scribal practices *]

Camille, Michael. Mirror in Parchment: The Luttrell Psalter and the Making of Medieval England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. [Re: London, British Library, MS Addit. 42130 (the "Luttrell Psalter").] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); marginalia *]

Campbell, J. J. "A New Troilus Fragment." PMLA 73 (1958): 305-308. [Re: Cecil Fragment of Troilus, Hatfield House, Box S.1 (article includes transcription and description).] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology *]

Claudius F. Mayer. "Texts and Documents: A Medieval English Leechbook and its 14th Century Poem on Bloodletting." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 7 (1939): 381-391. [Washington, D.C., National Library of Medicine.] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; medieval medicine *]

Clement, R[ichard] W. "Codicological Considerations in the Beowulf Manuscript." Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association 1 (1984): 13-27. [Clement presents the evidence against Kevin Kiernan's assertion (in Beowulf and the Beowulf Manuscript) that the portion of the manuscript containing Beowulf was originally a separate manuscript to which other works were later attached, as part of an argument that the manuscript constitutes the poet's own working copy. The idea that Beowulf was originally separate requires that the poem begin on the first page of a new quire, but the collation of the manuscript is no longer an easy matter to determine since the fire in Cotton's library left this manuscript without any trace of binding or conjugation: the manuscript is a mere "stack of disjunct leaves" (13). Clement reconsiders various attempts to reconstruct the original collation, and comes to the conclusion that the collation proposed by Kemp Malone is most likely to be correct, and that the Nowell Codex was, from the start, a composite manuscript.] [* Subject heading: manuscript production; codicology; "Beowulf" manuscript (London, British Library MS Cotton Vitellius A.xv) *]

Gerritsen, Johan. "The Thorkelin Transcripts of Beowulf: A Codicological Description, with Notes on their Genesis and History." The Library 6th ser. 13 (1991): 1-22. [Abstract: "In all discussions of the Thorkelin transcripts of Beowulf, one thing has been significantly lacking: essential though it is for their realistic evaluation, no adequate description of the physical characteristics of the two manuscripts has ever been published. Malone, though discussing the textual aspects in some detail, has little to say on the codicological side about either volume; and they have certainly fared no better in more recent publications. The present descriptions will be supplemented by a discussion of such conclusions as the observations recorded seem to warrant, and by an attempt to arrive at the truth about the transcripts' genesis and early history."] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; manuscript production; early modern manuscripts *]

Gruys, A., and J. P. Gumbert, eds. Codicologica: Towards a Science of Handwritten Books / Vers une science du manuscrit / Bausteine zur Handschriftenkunde. 5 vols. Litterae textuales. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976-1980. [A collection of essays in French, German and English. Vol. 1: Théories et principes; Vol. 2: Eléments pour une codicologie comparée; Vol. 3: Essais typologiques; Vol. 4: Essais méthodologiques; Vol. 5: Les matériaux du livre manuscrit.] [* Subject heading: manuscript production; manuscripts (codicological study); codicology *]

Hanna, Ralph, III. "Booklets in Medieval Manuscripts: Further Considerations." Studies in Bibliography 39 (1986): 100-111. [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study) *]

Haselden, R. B. Scientific Aids for the Study of Manuscripts. Oxford: Oxford University Press, for the Bibliographical Society, 1935. [Although many of the techniques described in this book are nowadays frowned upon as invasive and damaging to manuscripts, Haselden does provide a good introduction to codicological terminology and the mechanics of book-making in the Middle Ages. He describes the manufacture of parchment, ruling and the ridges and furrows created by ruling, how sheets are stacked and folded into quires, and gatherings of quires into codices. He also lists some questions to be asked when attempting to determine if a codex is complete: Does it read coherently? Are there catchwords or signatures? Does a sheet stacked hair-to-flesh suggested an inserted singleton? Does off-centred stitching suggest a singleton? Does a suspected singleton have a conjugate leaf? Are there worm holes in a series of sheets except one? Are there cut stubs of sheets? Do ruling marks match? Does the "hand" change? Does the ink change? Are there different styles of hands, ruling and pricking? Are leaves all the same size? Haselden also suggests using styles of decoration and coincident stains as tests for the integrity of a codex.] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology *]

Keefer, Sarah L., and Rolf H. Bremmer, Jr., eds. Signs on the Edge: Space, Text and Margin in Medieval Manuscripts. Mediaevalia Groningana 10. Leuven: Peeters, 2007. [Publisher's description: "Medieval cultures to the north and west of the Alps gained their initial understanding of visual spatialization from the Ancient world, but developed their own ways of managing primary and secondary space on any surface where text and/or art interact. The eleven essays of this volume span the period from early insular manuscripts through to later medieval books or artefacts, and examine specific strategies in scribal layout or prescribed authorial design. These vary in their sophistication from the naïve and inadvertent to the self-conscious and at times parodic intentional, allowing us a fascinating insight into the many different ways in which main and marginal space on the page could be employed by medieval imaginations."] [* Subject Heading: Manuscripts: Codicology; marginalia; manuscript design; Europe *]

Ker, Neil. "'Elements of Medieval English Codicology' (1944)." Intro. A. I. Doyle. English Manuscript Studies, 1100-1700 14 (2008): 244-250. [A small (6 typed pages) set of notes on "codicology," being observations made by Neil Ker while working with Oxford manuscripts in the 1940s and possibly intended as the basis for a never completed "small book on the subject," are presented here with an introduction by A. I. Doyle.] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; Middle English *]

Moorman, Charles. The Statistical Determination of Affiliation in the Landmark Manuscripts of the "Canterbury Tales." Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1993. [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology; manuscript relations; Geoffrey Chaucer *]

Noel, William. The Harley Psalter. Cambridge Studies in Paleography and Codicology 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. [An English psalter (MS Harley 603) from ca. 1020-1130, one of the "glories of Anglo-Saxon art." The book is based upon the author's doctoral thesis, Cambridge, 1992.] [London, British Library] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); London, British Library MS Harley 603 *]

O'Hara, Robert, and Peter Robinson. "Computer-Assisted Methods of Stemmatic Analysis." In The Canterbury Tales Project: Occasional Papers Vol. 1. Ed. Norman Blake and Peter Robinson. Office for Humanities Communication Publications 5. Oxford: Oxford University Computing Services, 1993. Pp. 53-74. [* Subject heading: manuscripts (relationships) *]

Pearsall, Derek, ed. Studies in the Vernon Manuscript. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell and Brewer, 1990. [Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Eng. poet. a.1 (Sum. Cat. 3938-3942) (Vernon MS).] [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology *]

Roberts, Colin H., and T. C. Skeat. The Birth of the Codex. London: Oxford University Press, for the British Academy, 1987. [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology *]

Willard, Charity C. "Codicological Observations on Some Manuscripts of the Complete Version of the Prose Tristan." In Actes du 14e Congres International Arthurien. Ed. Charles Foulon, et al. Rennes: Univiversité de Rennes, 1985. Pp. 658-667. [* Subject heading: manuscripts (codicological study); codicology *]

Bibliography: [ Some basic resources ] | [ General bibliography ] | [ History of the book ] | [ Literacy and education, medieval and early modern (readers and reading) ] | [ Archival research ] | [ Forgeries / bibliographic fraud ] | [ Dictionaries (historical) ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: Early Modern book culture ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: production ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: catalogues ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: facsimiles ] | [ Diplomatics: the study of historical documents ] | [ Printing, history of ] | [ Publishing, history of ] | [ Libraries and repositories, history of; book collecting ] | [ Manuscript culture ] | [ Manuscript culture: patronage ] | [ Manuscripts: codicology ] | [ Manuscripts: paleography ] | [ Manuscript production ] | [ Manuscript production: scribes and scribal practices ] | [ Manuscript production: decoration and illustration ] | [ Manuscript production: material culture (paper, bindings, etc.) ] | [ Manuscripts: catalogues and finding aids ] | [ Manuscripts: facsimiles and facsimile editions ] | [ Sigillography (the study of seals) ] | [ Textual criticism and editing ] | [ Keyword search of entire bibliography ]

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© 1998, 2017 Stephen R. Reimer
English; University of Alberta; Edmonton, Canada
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Created: 29 Oct. 1998; Last revised: 27 Nov. 2017
URLs verified: 27 Nov. 2017

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