Musical features

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  • Unifying Traits of Music at core of Islamic world (Arab/Turkish/Persian worlds)
    • Centrality of language
    • Centrality of melody
      • Heterophony
      • Ornament
    • Modality (maqam)
      • Microtonality
      • Improvisation
    • Rhythm and cycles
      • Free rhythm forms
      • Simple cycles
      • Complex cycles
    • Compound and other forms
      • Fasil (Syria, Turkey)
      • Nawba (North Africa)
      • Wasla (Egypt)
      • Dastgah (Iran)
    • Instruments, arranged in small heterogenous ensembles (e.g. takht)
      • qanun (a trapazoidal plucked zither)
      • 'ud (a fretless plucked lute)
      • nay (a reed flute)
      • Western violin
      • folk instruments
  • Theory
    • History of theory in Islamicate philosophy (al-Kindi, al-Farabi, ibn Sina...)
      • Acoustical and musical theory
      • Cosmological (macro and micro) theory: ethos, therapy
    • General theory
    • Maqam
  • Practice

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