Area studies: India and South Asia (Winter 2011)
Winter 2011 Music 467/567: MUSIC OF INDIA AND SOUTH ASIA Religion, Nation, Gender, Media
Meetings: Tue/Thu 11:00-12:20, Studio 27/2-11 FAB Professor: Regula Qureshi Office: 347 Old Arts Bldg (Canadian Centre for Ethnomusicology/folkwaysAlive) Office hours: We 1-2:30 PM or by appointment 780 492-0212, email@example.com
From Ravi Shankar to Bollywood and desert fiddlers, Indian music has gone global. But its roots remain strong, diverse, and local. This course explores the poetics and politics of musical genres and instruments through live and media-based case studies. The goal is to learn how individuals and groups use music as sonic expression and as a tool for negotiating change in four central domains of 20th century South Asia: devotional religion, nationalism and nation, gender identities, and media culture. Listening and hands-on exposure to South Asian soundscapes is an important goal of the course. Graduate students (567) will also critically examine research approaches taken in the readings and AV documentation. Materials are on reserve in the Music Library and on line (Rutherford 2nd floor). All students are invited to bring their own research interests to class. NB Note extra readings required for 567 only. Evaluation 467 1 Attendance, class preparation (readings!) and participation (10%) 2 Critical Listening Presentation (10 min) due Jan 25(10%) Play a sample of music related to South Asia; frame it with relevant musical or cultural information. 3. Critical Reading Report (2-3 pages) due Feb 15 (20%) Choose one of the assigned readings, lead discussion of this reading in class. 4. Ethnographic Report (2-3 pages) due Mar 15 (20%) Observe and participate in an event or activity of South Asian musical life in Edmonton. Write an ethnographic sketch based on your notes. 5 Topic Statement (1-2 pages) for final research project due April 5 (10%) Choose a topic related to South Asian music including relevant background information and key questions. Attach a working annotated bibliography using a standard citation format. Be prepared to discuss in class. 6 Final Paper (10+ 15 pages (30 %) due April 20 Use academic and non-academic sources to address the key questions of your topics.
567 1 Attendance, class preparation (readings!) and participation (10%) 2 Critical Listening Presentation (10 min) due Jan 25 (10%) Play a sample of music related to South Asia; frame it with relevant musical and cultural information. 3. Critical Reading Report (2-3 pages) due Feb 15 (20%) Choose one of the assigned readings, lead discussion of this reading in class. 4. Ethnographic Report (2-3 pages) due Mar 15(20%) Observe and participate in an event or activity of South Asian musical life in Edmonton. Write an ethnographic sketch based on your notes. 5 Topic Statement (1-2 pages) for final research project due April 20 (10%). Choose a topic related to South Asian music including relevant background information and key questions. Attach a working annotated bibliography using a standard citation format. Be prepared to discuss in class.
6 Final Paper (16-18 pages (30 %) due April 20 Use academic and non-academic sources to address the key questions of your topics. NB: Graduate Students are expected to develop a critical understanding of research approaches taken in the readings and in their own paper.
Weeks 1-2 Soundscapes, Approaches
Weeks 2-4 Religion
Weeks 5-7 Nation
Weeks 8-10 Gender
Weeks 11-13 Media
Jan. 11 South Asia Soundscapes, Instruments, Approaches
Jan. 13 Music and Musicians: Raga, Tala, Background and ‘Basics’ Readings: Arnold 2000a, browse; Visvanathan and Allan Ch.1, Ref: Bor:1-15; Browse Shankar1968/1976, Audio: Bor CD 1.4); Viswanathan and Allen Ex.1 (Kirtan) Video: Raga Unveiled:Ch. 4 (Raga).
Jan. 18 Musical Process, Musicians, Readings: Qureshi 09, 07: 67-82; Sorrell and Ram Narayan: 81-91, 136-143 Ref: Neuman 1980: browse; Qureshi 07: 1-25, ch 11 Audio: Sabri Khan+Kamal Sabri: Raga Saugandh, Ram Narayan Video/Visuals: Sitar, Tambura, In Class video:Kamal Sabri at age 8 and 15.
Devotional Hinduism: Bhakti and Bhajan
Jan. 20 Readings: Slawek 2000;
Ref: Arnold: 246-258 Audio: Unesco India 1.2, Religious Music of India 7, Video: Bhajan Swami Narayan, Sikh Kirtan, Nepal Gaine, Nepal Dapa WEEK 3:
Jan. 25 A Hindu Pilgrimage, ADD RE SCHULTZ Readings: Karve Ref: Schultz 2008 Video: Dance JVC, Audio: Omkarnath Thakur: Pag Ghungru, Mira Bhajan. Geeta Dutt. Mira Bhajan: Jogi mat ja 4
Jan. 27 Sufism and Qawwali, Ecstatic Performance Readings: Qureshi 1987, Ref: Qureshi book1986 (2005,1995):102-31 Video Qureshi Qawwali 1975 (Video 001) Audio Qureshi 1986 Book CD (Masnavi, Kachh Jagmag) Week 5 Feb 1 Devotional Communities Readings: Either Reference reading Ref Mansukhani, Qureshi 1981 Video: Sikh Dhadi Var Audio Shia Majlis of India and Pakistan,
You Tube Videos: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5brhC7gtPy0&feature=related Punjabi Folk Dhadi Var http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5brhC7gtPy0&feature=related Jogi Mat Ja, Geeta Dutt http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGTR08bpH4M&feature=fvsr Pag Ghunghru, Omkarnath Thakur
FINAL EDITS COMING:
Nationalism and Nation
Feb. 1 Musicians and the Nationalist project Readings: Bakhle Intro. Capwell 2000 Ref: Qureshi 1991 Audio Vande Mataram (Paluskar, Thakur, Rahman) Video Khyal, Veena Saharasbuddhe. Lesson 3 Feb.3 Music Reform and Institutions: Bhatkhande Readings: Bhakle Ch.on Bhatkhande, Nayar 271-306 Ref: Bhatkhande 1951-7, nd Video Bhatkhande College Classes Audio ref Deodhar (Folkways Records 8368) DUE DATE Report 1
Oct. 7 Week 6 Music Reform and Institutions: Paluskar Readings: Bhakle Ch.on Patwardhan, DISCUSSION, Report 1
Oct. 9 Music and Nation: the Radio Readings: Lelyveld 1996 Baily 1994, Ref: Luthra 1986, Reitov Video Utsav DVDs, Akashwani Archives Audio Tea House Music of Afghanistan
Oct. 14 Week 7 Music, the State, and Islam in Pakistan Readings: Qureshi 2000 Ref: Malik 1983, Nayyar 2000 Video Sayoni (Gillani) Audio Folk Music of Pakistan (Folkways)
Oct. 16 Readings: South Asia Overview: Genres and Instruments in national/religious Perspective Day 1974, Arnold:South Asia Audio Prasanna Ragamorphism
Week 8-10 Gender Identities
Oct. 21 Week 8 Devadasi and Tawaif: Contested Identities Readings: Srinivasan 1988, Kidwai 2004, Ref: Fuller 1900, Dewey 2008, Allen Video Utsav: Shobha Gurtu Audio
Oct. 23 A Venue of her Own Readings: Qureshi 2006 Ref: Pradhan1994, Saeed 2002 (Preface and ch 5, 10, 20) Video Zarina Parveen 1984, Hira Mandi 1992 Audio
Oct. 28 Week 9 Gendered Performances through Poetry-Music-Dance Readings: Rao 1996, Ref: Doubleday Video Utsav, both videos, Lahore Kothas Audio Qureshi 2006 CD/Notes Begum Akhtar, Zarina Parveen 1994
Oct. 30 Patriarchy and Survival: Sexual-musical Alternatives Readings: Oldenburg 1997, Jaffery, Kidwai Ref: Maciszewski 2006, Video Guria (Maciszewski), Bombay Cabaret Audio Playback singing DUE DATE Report 2
Weeks 10-13 Media
Nov. 4 Week 10 Revisiting Orality and Secondary Orality (i.e.Media) Readings: Neuman et al. 2005 Ref: Ong 2002, Qureshi 2007 Video Khandan Audio DISCUSS Report 2
Nov. 6 Media as Mode of Production Readings: Manuel 1993, Ref: Qureshi 2000a, Manuel 1996 Video Audio
Nov 11 NO CLASS Remembrance Day
Nov 12 Week 11 Cinema, History and Ideology Readings: Prasad 1998 Ref: Jaikumar 2006 Video TBA Geeton Ki Sahej Audio Premchand CDs
Nov 18 Week 12 Bollywood: Categories and Formulas Readings: Dudrah 2006 Ref: Premchand 2006 Video: Geeton ki Sahej Audio: Premchand CDs
Nov. 20 Guest Lecture: Ismaili Ginan and Devotional/ Popular Music of Pakistan Readings: TBA Ref: Video: Audio:
Nov 25 Week 13 Internet and Global Flows Readings: TBA Ref: Video: Audio:
DUE DATE: Paper Topic, for discussion
Nov 27 Student Presentation
Dec. 2 Student Presentations LAST CLASS
Dec. 9 DUE DATE: Final Paper
MUSIC 467/567: Music of India and South Asia Religion, Nation, Gender, Media
URL for Country Profiles Pakistan: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/country_profiles/1157960.stm India:
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Awasthy, G.C. 1965 "Programmes and Programme Policies". Broadcasting in India Bombay: Allied Publishers Ltd., pp. 32-54.
Baily, John. 1994. The Role of Music in the Creation of an Afghan National Identity. 1923-73. In Martin Stokes ed. Ethnicity, Identity, and Music: The Musical Construction of Place. Oxford/Providence: Berg. Beckerlegge, Gwilym (Ed.): Colonialism, Modernity, and Religious Identities : Religious Reform Movements in South Asia. New Delhi : Oxford University Press, 2008.
Bhagavan, Manu and Anne Feldhaus (Eds.) 2008.?Speaking Truth to Power : Religion, Caste, and the Subaltern Question in India.New Delhi : Oxford University Press.
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Bor, Joep 1999. Ed. The Raga Guide. A Survey of Hindustani Music. Rotterdam: Nimbus Records (4 CDs)
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Brown, Louise. 2005. The Dancing Girls of Lahore: Selling Love and Saving Dreams in Pakistan's Pleasure District. London: The Fourth Estate.
Capwell, Charles. 2000. "Music and Nationalism," in Alison Arnold ed. South Asia:The Indian Subcontinent. Vol. 5, The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland Publishing.431-439
Catlin, Amy.2000. "Karnatak Vocal and Instrumental Music," in Alison Arnold ed. South Asia:The Indian Subcontinent. Vol. 5, The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland Publishing.209-235.
Chaudhuri, Debu and Avinash Pasricha. Incredible India: Classical Music. 2007. New Delhi: Wisdom Tree.
Cush, Denise et al.2007. Encyclopedia of Hinduism / ed. by Denise Cush, Catherine Robinson, Michael York. London: Routledge.
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Deodhar, B. R.1993 Pillars of Hindusthani Music. Ram Deshmukh (Trans.). Bombay: Popular Prakashan.
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