History

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Contents

Papers and Essays

As We May Think, 1945

Vannevar Bush
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/view/Essays/VannevarBushAsWeMayThink

The Rationale of HyperText, 1995

Jerome McGann
http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/public/jjm2f/rationale.html

Radiant Textuality, 1996

Jerome McGann
http://www.iath.virginia.edu/public/jjm2f/radiant.html

A Hypertextual History of Humanities Computing, 1996

Michael Fraser
http://users.ox.ac.uk/~ctitext2/history/

What is humanities computing? Towards a Definition of the Field, 1998

Willard McCarty
http://staff.cch.kcl.ac.uk/~wmccarty/essays/McCarty,%20What%20is%20humanities%20computing.pdf

Is humanities computing an academic discipline?, 1999

Geoffrey Rockwell
http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/hcs/rockwell.html

Computing, Humanism, and the Coming Age of Print, 1999

Stuart Moulthrop
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/view/Essays/StuartMoulthropComputingHumanismPrint

Historique de l'analyse de texte informatisée

de Stéfan Sinclair
http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/astrolabe/articles/art0020.htm

Humanities computing, 2002

Willard McCarty
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/view/Essays/WillardMcCartyHumanitiesComputing

What is Humanities Computing and what it is not, 2002

John Unsworth
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/view/Essays/JohnUnsworthHumanitiesComputing

Is Humanities Computing a Discipline?, 2002

Tito Orlandi
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/view/Essays/TitiOrlandiHumanitiesComputingDiscipline


Computing in the Humanities Working Papers

CH Working Papers (or Computing in the Humanities Working Papers) are an interdisciplinary series of refereed publications on computer-assisted research. They are a vehicle for an intermediary stage at which questions of computer methodology in relation to the corpus at hand are of interest to the scholar before the computer disappears into the background. Many of the papers from the following collections offer an academic view of the history of Humanities Computing.
Scholarly Discourse and Computing Technology: Perspectives on Pedagogy, Research, and Dissemination in the Humanities, 1997
R.G. Siemens and William Winder, eds
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/sd_intro.htm
Introduction: Technologising the Humanities / Humanitising the Technologies, 1998
R.G. Siemens and William Winder, eds
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/th_intro.htm
Scholarly Discourse and Computing Technology II: Perspectives on Pedagogy, Research, and Dissemination in the Humanities, 1999
R.G. Siemens and William Winder, eds
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/sd2_intro.htm
Canadian Humanities Computing 2003: Collaborative Mind Technologies
Barbara Bond and William Winder, eds.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/CHC2003/


Books

A Companion to Digital Humanities

Published Online: 10 Dec 2007
Editor(s): Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, John Unsworth
Print ISBN: 9781405103213 Online ISBN: 9780470999875
DOI: 10.1002/9780470999875
Copyright © 2004 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion/


Mind technologies; humanities computing and the Canadian academic community

Ed. by Raymond Siemens and David Moorman.
Publisher: Univ. of Calgary Press 2006
ISBN 1-55238-172-2
http://books.google.ca/books?id=6g8Sf1AqTx4C&pg=PA246&lpg=PA246&dq=humanities+computing+at+the+university+of+alberta&source=bl&ots=cOCAyv_7bA&sig=Z8W_6rTACc6jGi2f_Iz3IE29Kx8&hl=en&ei=PEzaSceQFqLqswPKqqCrCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10

Humanities Computing

Williard McCarty
Publisher: Palgrave; 1st edition edition (Nov 29 2005)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1403935041
ISBN-13: 978-1403935045


Electronic Texts in the Humanities: Principles and Practice

Susan Hockey
Hardcover: 232 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press (Nov 15) 2000
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0198711948
ISBN-13: 978-0198711940


The Humanities Computing Year Book

Ian Lancashire and Willard McCarty
Hardcover: 408 pages
Publisher: Clarendon Pr (February 1996)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0198244428
ISBN-13: 978-0198244424


Using Tact With Electronic Texts: A Guide to Text-Analysis Computing Tools : Version 2.1 for MS-DOS and PC DOS

by Ian Lancashire, John Bradley, Willard McCarty, Michael Stairs, T. R. Wooldridge
Publisher: Modern Language Association of America (December 1996)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0873525698
http://www.mla.org/store/CID7/PID236

The Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities

by George P. Landow (Editor), Paul Delany (Editor)
Hardcover: 374 pages
Publisher: The MIT Press (April 13, 1993)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 026212176X
ISBN-13: 978-0262121767

Research in Humanities Computing 2: Selected Papers from the ALLC/ACH Conference, Siegen, June 1990

by Susan Hockey (Editor), Nancy Ide (Editor)
Hardcover: 272 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA (July 7, 1994)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0198240392
ISBN-13: 978-0198240396


Research in Humanities Computing 1: Selected Papers From the 1989 Allc-Ach Conference, Toronto, June 1989

Publisher: Oxford University Press (April 30 1999)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0198242514
ISBN-13: 978-0198242512


Tools for Humanists,1989

Software and Hardware-Fair Guide
Published by CCH
University of Toronto
http://lists.village.virginia.edu/lists_archive/Humanist/v02/0342.html


A Guide to Computer Applications in the Humanities

Susan Hockey
Paperback: 248 pages
Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr; Reprint edition (March 1983)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0801828910
ISBN-13: 978-0801828911


Computing in the Humanities

Computing in the Humanities: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computing in the Humanities
Publisher: University of Waterloo Press 1977 (January 1, 1977)
Editors: Serge Lusignan and John S. North
Language: English
ASIN: B001U9DAUW


Manual for the printing of literary texts and concordances by computer

Robert Jay Glickman
Publisher: University of Toronto Press; Prelim. ed edition (1966)
Language: English
ASIN: B0007ITCRW



History of Digital Humanities in Canada

Canadian Historical highlights by Geoffrey Rockwell

Canada has been an international leader in the area of computing and the humanities. Some historical highlights are:
One of the first, and most important, early centres was the Centre for Computing in the Humanities at the University of Toronto. Set up in 1986 with a grant from IBM under the direction of Ian Lancashire from the department of English, CCH, as it was called, trained a generation of graduate students to experiment with computing in their research. The CCH also took a leadership role in development of the field in Canada and abroad.
Ian Lancashire and Elaine Nardocchio from McMaster formed OCCH (Ontario Consortium for Computing in the Humanities) in 1987)which quickly turned into COCH/COSH (Consortium for Computing in the Humanities) which has recently changed into an Association, SDH/SEMI – a scholarly association that holds an annual conference as part of the Federation Congress.
The premiere discussion list in our field, HUMANIST, was founded at CCH in Toronto by Willard McCarty, then Assistant Director of CCH, in 1987 (?).
In 1989 the CCH ran the first joint international ACH/ALLC conference, The Dynamic Text, and also, one of the most successful ones. Both Ted Nelson and Northrop Frye spoke at The Dynamic Text.
At the Toronto ACH/ALLC in 1989 CCH released TACT (Text Analysis and Concording Tools), a DOS based interactive search and concordance tool that is still one of the best of its kind. Designed by John Bradley, the programming was supported by CCH and Ian Lanshire edited the MLA published Using TACT, still a good introduction to text analysis and available online.
In 1990 CCH started one of the first (non-credit) programs to train graduate students.
In 1991 CCH began publishing the Computing and the Humanities Working Papers, both in print and now online.
In 1991 CCH became a co-sponsor with the Princeton/Rutgers Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities (CETH) of a Summer Seminar that provided some of the best training internationally in humanities computing.
In 1994 the first faculty position explicitly advertised as a "Humanities Computing" position was hired by McMaster University. Geoffrey Rockwell was hired to direct the (then named) Humanities Computing Centre and Language Labs.
In 1996 McMaster started an undergraduate program in Multimedia that included a strong humanities computing component.
In 2001 the University of Alberta started a two-year MA in Humanities Computing.
In 2001 the University of Victoria ran their first Digital Humanities Summer Institute, a premiere HQP and graduate student training institute that draws participants from all over the world.
In 2003 the Text Analysis Portal for Research was funded by CFI creating humanities computing research infrastructure at 6 universities across Canada.


University of Waterloo Centre for the New OED and Text Research

In January 1985, the University of Waterloo established the Centre for the New OED to fulfill its obligations under an agreement with the Oxford University Press to computerize the OED. The fundamental goal of the Centre remains to support innovative research through the development of application-driven text management software.
http://db.uwaterloo.ca/OED/index.html


  • OED Conference: User Interfaces for Text

The Eighth Annual "OED Conference" will extend our ongoing exploration of text management applications and techniques. This year, we will investigate diverse application activities: retrieving information for scientific disciplines; supporting literary and linguistic needs; bridging between corpora, dic- tionaries, and other knowledge representations; managing multi- lingual and translated documents; and managing text in commercial environments. It is expected that attendees will be exposed to problems motivated by specific application areas and to solutions that can address requirements across several areas.
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/humanist/Archives/Virginia/v06/0186.html


  • Using Corpora: The Seventh Annual Conference of the University of Waterloo Centre for

the New OED and Text Research, jointly sponsored by the University of Waterloo, Oxford University Press, and Oxford University Computing Services, will be held at Statherine's College, Oxford, England, on September 29 - October 1, 1991.
http://lists.village.virginia.edu/lists_archive/Humanist/v04/1047.html


  • This link provides a list of publications from the University of Waterloo Centre for the New OED and Text Research

http://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~fwtompa/newoed-publ.html

Centre for Computing in the Humanities at the University of Toronto (CCH)

  • Humanities Computing and Research Innovation

Ian Lancashire (U Toronto)
In this landmark article Ian Lancashire talks about the history of COCH-COSH and CCH
http://web.viu.ca/siemensr/C-C/2002/Lancashire.htm


  • The Birth of Humanist

This is a link to the first email sent from Humanist by Willard McCarty on May 12 1987 from the Centre for Computing in the Humanities University of Toronto.
The welcome message sent on May 14 1987 says:
Welcome to HUMANIST

HUMANIST is a Bitnet/NetNorth electronic mail network for people who support computing in the humanities. Those who teach, review software, answer questions, give advice, program, write documentation, or otherwise support research and teaching in this area are included. Although HUMANIST is intended to help these people exchange all kinds of information, it is primarily meant for discussion rather than publication or advertisement...
To view the complete message thread please see the following link.
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/humanist/Archives/Virginia/v01/8705.1324.txt


Humanist: an online seminar for the digital humanities
http://www.digitalhumanities.org/humanist/announcement.html


"HUMANIST: Lessons from a Global Electronic Seminar", Computers and the Humanities 26 (1992): 205-222
http://staff.cch.kcl.ac.uk/~wmccarty/essays/McCarty,%20Humanist.pdf


  • The Centre for Computing in the Humanities is pleased to announce

its Graduate Programme in Humanities Computing for 1991-92, a description of which follows here.
http://lists.village.virginia.edu/lists_archive/Humanist/v05/0286.html


  • This link provides information about the first Summer Seminar of the Center for Electronic Texts in the

Humanities (CETH) in 1992. CCH was a co-sponsor. Link also provides a bit on the history of CCH. In the information on instructors the following can be found:
"Willard McCarty has been active in humanities computing since 1977. With its founding Director, Ian Lancashire, he helped to set up the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, University of Toronto, of which he is now the Assistant Director. He was the founding editor of Humanist, the principal electronic seminar for computing humanists, and has edited several other publications in the field. He regularly gives talks, papers, and lectures throughout North America and Europe. McCarty took his Ph.D. in English literature in 1984; his current literary research is in classical studies, especially the _Metamorphoses_ of Ovid. In support of a forthcoming book, he has an electronic edition of that poem underway for the text-retrieval program Tact".
http://listserv.linguistlist.org/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind9204A&L=linguist&P=454


  • Computing in the Humanities Working Papers

CH Working Papers (or Computing in the Humanities Working Papers) are an interdisciplinary series of refereed publications on computer-assisted research. They are a vehicle for an intermediary stage at which questions of computer methodology in relation to the corpus at hand are of interest to the scholar before the computer disappears into the background. Many of the papers from the following collections offer an academic view of the history of Humanities Computing.
Scholarly Discourse and Computing Technology: Perspectives on Pedagogy, Research, and Dissemination in the Humanities, 1997
R.G. Siemens and William Winder, eds
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/sd_intro.htm
Introduction: Technologising the Humanities / Humanitising the Technologies, 1998
R.G. Siemens and William Winder, eds
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/th_intro.htm
Scholarly Discourse and Computing Technology II: Perspectives on Pedagogy, Research, and Dissemination in the Humanities, 2000
R.G. Siemens and William Winder, eds
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/sd2_intro.htm
Canadian Humanities Computing 2003: Collaborative Mind Technologies
Barbara Bond and William Winder, eds.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/CHC2003/


  • Summary of CCH working papers Vol 1-4

http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/cch.html


From Proceedings of international conference on / Actes du colloque international sur "Historical Dictionary Databases" (Toronto, 1991 = CCHWP, 2


  • Editing and Concording the Dictionarius of Firmin Le Ver (1440)

Brian Merrilees, William Edwards, David Megginson
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/merrily1/


  • Le programme d'informatisation du Dictionaire critique de la langue française de l'abbé Jean-François Féraud (1787)

Philippe Caron, Louise Dagenais, Gérard Gonfroy
GEHLF-CNRS, Université de Limoges; Équipe Morin/Dagenais, Université de Montréal; TELMOO, Université de Limoges
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/feraud1/


  • Structures du Corpus et de la Base Estienne-Nicot (1531-1628)

T. Russon Wooldridge
Department of French, University of Toronto
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/tiden/


  • Le Projet CopuLex

T. Russon Wooldridge, Astra Ikse-Vitols, Terry Nadasdi
URLA 4 INaLF, Department of French, University of Toronto
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/copulex/


  • Bilingual Dictionaries in an English Renaissance Knowledge Base

Ian Lancashire
Department of English, University of Toronto
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/chwp/lancash1/

Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)

The Text Encoding Initiative is an international research project, the aim of which is to develop and to disseminate guidelines for the encoding and interchange of machine-readable texts. It is sponsored by the Association for Computers and the Humanities (ACH), the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), and the Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing (ALLC).
The project is funded by the U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities, DG XIII of the Commission of the European Communities, the Canadian Social Science and Humanities Research Council and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Equally important has been the donation of time and expertise by the many members of the international research community who have served on the TEI's various Working Committees and Working Groups.
http://xml.coverpages.org/edw26.html


ALLC/ICCH conferences

  • Conference History

The first conference of the ALLC was held at Cambridge in 1970, and annually thereafter until 1988, when a protocol was agreed with the Association for Computing in the Humanities for the co-sponsorship of joint international conferences. The venue for these joint conferences alternates between Europe and North America. The first one took place in 1989 at the University of Toronto. 1997 marked a return to Canada, to Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario. In 1998 the conference went for the first time to Eastern Europe.
http://www.allc.org/refdocs/conf.htm


  • ALLC/ICCH conference,1989

A summary from Humanist.
http://lists.village.virginia.edu/lists_archive/Humanist/v02/0162.html


  • The New Medium: ALLC/ICCH 1990

http://www.digitalhumanities.org/humanist/Archives/Virginia/v03/1120.html


Lexicons of Early Modern English (LEME)

Eighteen years ago, work on what is now LEME began with the entry of John Palsgrave's Lesclarcissement (1530), a large English-French dictionary dedicated to Henry VIII. Randle Cotgrave's French-English dictionary (1611) joined the Palsgrave in time for the 1992 ICAME conference at Nijmegen. Four more works were in place by the following year: Latin-English dictionaries by Sir Thomas Elyot (1538) and Thomas Thomas (1587), an Italian-English dictionary by William Thomas (1550), and an English hard-word lexicon by Robert Cawdrey (1604). John Florio's first Italian-English lexicon (1598) and Henry Cockeram's English dictionary (1623) were added by 1994. Two years later, the Early Modern English Dictionaries Database (EMEDD) went online at the Centre for Computing in the Humanities in Toronto with Palsgrave, the two Thomases, John Minsheu's Spanish-English lexicon (1599), John Bullokar's hard-word English dictionary (1616), and Thomas Blount's Glossographia (1656). By 1999, in its final form, EMEDD was supplemented with scientific glossaries by Bartholomew Traheron (1543) and John Garfield (1657), William Turner's herbal of 1548, Richard Mulcaster's word-list (1582), and Edmund Coote's hard-word glossary (1596).
http://leme.library.utoronto.ca/public/intro.cfm


The Orlando Project

This link gives a history of the project and brief information on researchers
http://www.ualberta.ca/ORLANDO/o-ACUT97.htm

SGML and the Orlando Project: Descriptive markup for an electronic history of women's writing
Susan Brown, Sue Fisher, Patricia Clements, Katherine Binhammer, Terry Butler, Kathryn Carter, Isobel Grundy, Susan Hockey
Computers & the Humanities; 1997/1998, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p271, 14p


Internet Shakespeare Editions

The Internet Shakespeare Editions (ISE) was founded in 1996 at the University of Victoria by the Coordinating Editor, Michael Best. Its academic development has been overseen by a distinguished Editorial Board, headed by our General Textual Editor, Eric Rasmussen (University of Nevada, Reno). In 1999, the ISE became a non-profit corporation. The database of Shakespeare in Performance has been headed since 2006 by Paul Prescott (University of Warwick).
http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Foyer/ISEoverview.html


Electronic Text Centre

Since its formation in 1996, the Electronic Text Centre at UNB Libraries has taken a leadership role in electronic scholarly communication, humanities computing, and digital libraries. The Centre advances and supports research and education, promotes the role of standards, and collaborates with faculty in these areas.
http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/index.php?id=1


COCH-COSH

  • Program for the Annual Meeting COCH/COSH

at the 1997 Congress of Learned Societies, May 31 - June 1, 1997
Memorial University in St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
http://www.sdh-semi.org/conference1997.php


  • Conference Program and abstracts for COCH/COSH 1998

Congress of the Social Sciences and the Humanities, May 27 - 28,
1998 University of Ottawa in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
http://www.sdh-semi.org/conferencefull1998.php


  • Conference Program and abstracts for COCH/COSH 1999

Congress of the Social Sciences and the Humanities, June 3-4,
1999 University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.
http://www.sdh-semi.org/conferencefull1999.php


  • Conference Program and abstracts for COCH/COSH 2000

Congress of the Social Sciences and the Humanities, May 24-25,
2000 University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.
http://www.sdh-semi.org/conferencefull2000.php


Multimedia at McMaster

The following paper also gives a brief history of humanities computing at McMaster University

  • Is humanities computing an academic discipline?

Geoffrey Rockwell
http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/hcs/rockwell.html


  • Rockwell, Geoffrey and Andrew Mactavish. Preprint of a chapter on “Multimedia” for

the Companion to Humanities Computing. Eds. Ray Siemens, Susan Schriebman, and John Unsworth. London: Blackwell Press, to be published in 2004-5.
http://www.geoffreyrockwell.com/publications/Multimedia.pdf


The Humanities Computing Curriculum Conference 2001

November 9-10, 2001
Malaspina University College
Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada
Presenters and Presentation Abstracts:
http://web.viu.ca/siemensr/HCCurriculum/abstracts.htm


Humanities Computing at University of Alberta

  • Abstract from 'The Humanities Computing Curriculum Conference' 2001 by Sean Gouglas.

The MA in Humanities Computing at the University of Alberta.
A new course of study, leading to the degree of Master of Arts in Humanities Computing, will be offered to students at the University of Alberta, starting in September 2001.
http://web.viu.ca/siemensr/HCCurriculum/abstracts.htm#Gouglas


  • Humanities Computing: ENGL 417--link to course by David Miall offered in the fall of 1999

http://www.arts.ualberta.ca/~dmiall/hyperead/course.htm


  • Theory into Practice

A Case Study of the Humanities Computing Master of Arts Programme at the University of Alberta http://ahh.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/1/2/167