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Manuscript Studies
Medieval and Early Modern

Bibliography: Manuscript Production: Decoration and Illustration

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Alexander, Jonathan J. G., ed. The Painted Page: Italian Renaissance Book Illumination, 1450-1550. London and New York: Prestel Publishers, 1994. [* Subject heading: book illustration; early printed books: production; history of the book; page layout and design *]

Alexander, Jonathan J. G., James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler, eds. The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library. [Exhibition catalogue.] New York: New York Public Library; London: Harvey Miller, 2005. ["Published on the occasion of the exhibition . . . presented at The New York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library, D. Samuel and Jeane H. Gottesman Exhibition Hall, October 21, 2005 through February 12, 2006."] [Contents: Contents: Collecting illuminated manuscripts at the New York Public Library / Robert Rainwater -- One-hundred illuminated manuscripts from the New York Public Library -- The making of manuscripts in Medieval and Renaissance Europe -- Bibles and Bible history -- Liturgical manuscripts -- Books of private devotion -- Scientific, historical, literary, and didactic manuscripts.] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); manuscript production; manuscript culture; manuscripts (catalogues: thematic [illustrations]) *]

Areford, David S., and Nina A. Rowe. Excavating the Medieval Image: Manuscripts, Artists, Audiences: Essays in Honor of Sandra Hindman. Aldershot, Hants., and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004. [Publisher's description: "Excavating the Medieval Image argues that the illuminated image is best understood as thoroughly integrated in the material context of the manuscript--and thus, integrated in a cultural context of production and reception, which must be carefully unearthed layer by layer."] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); manuscript culture; manuscript relations *]

As-Vijvers, Anne Margreet W. Re-making the Margin: The Master of the David Scenes and Flemish Manuscript Painting around 1500. Trans. Diana Webb. Ars nova 11. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. [Publisher's description: "The subject of the present publication is the working practices of the Ghent-Bruges illuminators, active in Flanders in the decades around 1500. Its focus is on manuscripts featuring freestanding, isolated motifs painted in the margins of text pages. The author traces how this decorative system was created by the Master of the David Scenes in the Grimani Breviary, a prolific inventor of appealing borders; how it was applied by his closest collaborators, and how it was imitated and adapted by other illuminators. Among these were Simon Bening, the Carmelite sister Cornelia van Wulfschkercke, and a number of anonymous masters, including several whose oeuvres are identified here for the first time. The author elucidates the sources for the isolated motifs and demonstrates how the codicological structure of the manuscripts provides insight into the use and the dispersion of various models for border decorations. The book discusses the famous strewn-flower borders and other types of fully decorated borders as well. The author analyses the isolated motifs in relationship to the page lay-out and the decorative programme of Ghent-Bruges standardised books of hours. The stylistic examination of both the miniatures and the borders of the manuscripts under discussion completes the integrated approach of this study. The author demonstrates how the illuminators collaborated with each other and exchanged artistic models for the illumination of these precious manuscripts."] [* Subject heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; Flemish manuscript illumination; Books of Hours; decoration; marginalia *]

Backhouse, Janet. Illuminations from Books of Hours. London: British Library, 2004. [* Subject heading: manuscript decorations and illustration (illumination) *]

Bland, David. A History of Book Illustration: The Illuminated Manuscript and Printed Book. 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969. [* Subject heading: manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); early printed books; incunabula; book illustration *]

Brown, Cynthia Jane. The Queen's Library: Image-Making at the Court of Anne of Brittany, 1477-1514. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. [* Subject Heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; manuscript art; Anne of Brittany; history of libraries; women and literature; political aspects; books and reading *]

Carlvant, Kerstin. Manuscript Painting in Thirteenth-Century Flanders: Bruges, Ghent and the Circle of the Counts. Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 63. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2012. [Publisher's description: "This is the first comprehensive and in-depth study of the earliest figural painting ever to have been produced in Flanders on a continual basis. Most of the manuscripts are Psalters, but Bibles, a Breviary, a Missal, a Netherlandic life of a saint, and yet other texts occur. Three main categories of illuminator are distinguishable: those working in Bruges, in Ghent, and, at least in part, for the circle of the counts of Flanders. The principal chapters and the catalog segments are organized around their individual contributions. An arrangement in time and place of the total body of work was obtained through a lengthy and rigorous process of comparison of figural, ornamental and writing styles, codicological and textual features. Several distinctive Flemish patterns of Psalter iconography have emerged; these are presented in tabular form with accompanying commentaries. A surprising amount of information about the early owners of the books, mostly well-to-do members of the laity, was yielded in the analysis for the manuscript catalogs."] [* Subject heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; Flemish, thirteenth-century *]

Coleman, Janet, Mark Cruse, Kathryn A. Smith, eds. The Social Life of Illumination: Manuscripts, Images, and Communities in the Late Middle Ages. Medieval Texts and Cultures of Northern Europe 21. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. [Publisher's description: "This anthology is the first broadly based exploration of an issue now emerging at the intersection of art history and literary study: how the interplay of images and texts in medieval manuscripts enabled an array of social interactions that helped shape individual and communal experience and identities. An interdisciplinary group of scholars, from Art History, English, and French departments, has combined to explore the ways in which pictures in a book can have a 'social life.' Setting aside the traditional assumption that illuminated manuscripts were meant chiefly for the eyes of solitary reader-viewers, the essays in this anthology demonstrate that illuminations took on social dimension in many ways. They could cue internal dialogues with religious figures or family members; they could be described, explained, and/or viewed communally during public readings; and they could draw their viewers into joint celebration of core secular or religious values. As much as architectural monuments, contracts, and rituals, illuminations provide a way for us to map the multiple dimensions of medieval social life."] [Contents: Introduction: The Social Life of Illumination / Joyce Coleman, Mark Cruse, and Kathryn A. Smith. Part 1: Spiritual Community. Thee Social Life of a Manuscript Metaphor: Christ's Blood as Ink / Marlene Villalobos Hennessy -- Communion and Community: Eucharistic Narratives and their Audience in the Smitheld Decretals / Alixe Bovey -- Worded and Wordless Images: Biblical Narratives in the Psalters of Humphrey de Bohun / Lucy Freeman Sandler -- A 'Viewing Community' in Fourteenth-Century England / Kathryn A. Smith -- Jean Germain's Debat du Crestien et du Sarrasin: Illumination Between Multi-Confessional Debate and Anti-Conciliarism / David Joseph Wrisley -- 'Ces mots icy verrez juer': Performative Presence and Social Life in the Arras Passion Manuscript / Robert L. A. Clark and Pamela Sheingorn -- Anthoine Vérard's Illuminated Playscript of La vengeance nostre seigneur: Marketing Plays and Creating the King's Image / Laura Weigert. Part 2: Social and Political Community. Visualizing Morality in the Manuscripts of Marie de France's Isopet / Logan E. Whalen -- Angels on the Right Bank: The Celestial Ladder over Paris in BnF, MS fr. 146 / Nancy Freeman Regalado -- Performing Documents and Documenting Performance in the Procès de Robert d'Artois (BnF, MS fr. 18437) and Charles V's Grandes chroniques de France (BnF, MS fr. 2813) / Anne D. Hedeman -- Pictorial Polyphony: Image, Voice, and Social Life in the Roman d'Alexandre (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 264) / Mark Cruse -- he First Presentation Miniature in an English-Language Manuscript / Joyce Coleman -- From Print to Script: The Luxury Metatext of Lambeth Palace Library, MS 265 / Dhira B. Mahoney -- To Have and to Hold: Marriage, Politics, and Iconography in the Prayer Book of Margaret Tudor / Elizabeth Morrison -- The Book of Hours as album amicorum: Jane Guildford's Book / Mary Erler.] [* Subject heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; manuscript culture; readers and reading: social context *]

Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. 2nd ed. New York: Praeger, 1967. [* Subject heading: manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); book illustration *]

Ellis, Peter Berresford, and Roy Ellsworth. The Book of Deer. Library of Celtic Illuminated Manuscripts [1]. London: Constable, 1994. [Cambridge, Cambridge University Library, MS li.6.32. Ninth-century illustrated gospels, originating in the Celtic monastery of Deer in Aberdeen (the book includes a version of the story of the foundation of the monastery, added in the eleventh century). This discussion of the manuscript includes a number of photographic reproductions but is not really a facsimile edition; rather, it is primarily an aid to the study of the techniques of illumination, based upon somewhat "simplified" copies of the illuminations by Ellsworth.] [* Subject heading: manuscript production: decoration and illustration (illumination); Bible *]

Fisher, Carol Garrett, and Kathleen L. Scott, eds. Art into Life: Collected Papers from the Kresge Art Museum Medieval Symposia. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1995. [Contents: "A Survey of Antique, Medieval, and Renaissance Book Production," by Richard W. Clement; "Book Production Terms in Nicholas Munshull's Nominale," by Jeremy Griffiths; "'Man yhernes rimes for to here': A Biblical History from the Middle Ages," by Sarah M. Horrall; "Geography and Illustration and Higden's Polychronicon," by A. S. G. Edwards; "Harry the Haywarde and Talbat his Dog: An Illustrated Girdlebook from Worcestershire," by John B. Friedman; "'And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest': The Soul's Conveyance to the Afterlife in the Middle Ages," by Pamela Sheingorn; "Secular Objects and their Implications in Early Netherlandish Painting," by Robert G. Calkins; "Lay Patronage and the Popular Iconography of the Seven Deadly Sins," by Joanne S. Norman; "Nuns as Patrons Artists, Readers: Bridgettine Woodcuts in Printed Books Produced for the English Market," by Martha W. Driver.] [* Subject heading: manuscript production; scribes and scribal practices; early printed books; incunabula; history of printing; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); book illustration *]

Goehring, M. Space, Place and Ornament: The Function of Landscape in Medieval Manuscript Illumination. Turnout: Brepols, 2013. [Publisher's description: "This book proposes a new methodological framework for the study of medieval landscape imagery by analyzing the functions of landscape within Northern European manuscript illumination. This study explores landscape imagery within a broad range of specific manuscript contexts, taking into account the ideological and the economic milieus in which they were produced. Organized into four sections, this study looks at how landscape functions as rhetorical device, ornament, didactic tool (Space) and political tool (Place). The first section explores the rhetorical function of landscape as encomium and amplificatio. The second section looks at the role that landscape imagery had in the hierarchy of book decoration, and how it responded to late medieval mnemonic systems and devotional practices. It also addresses the emergence of landscape as a form of ornamental elaboration, sometimes as a means to appeal to specific aesthetic criteria, or as a way to create extra-textual associations to augment the message of the text. The third section is concerned with landscape within encyclopedic and allegorical manuscripts, analyzing how artists constructed space to frame knowledge. Finally, the visualization of the political and economic landscape of late medieval Europe is explored, particularly focusing on how landscape was structured around issues of status, power and identity not only in works created for the landed nobility but within manuscripts made for urban patrons as well. Concentrating on manuscripts from Paris, Northern France and Flanders from the late thirteenth to the early sixteenth centuries, this book offers new insights as it contextualizes the emergence of landscape painting in the late Middle Ages."] [* Subject heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; landscape imagery; medieval northern Europe *]

Hellinga, Lotte. "Illustration of the Fifteenth-century: A Bird's Eye View of Changes and Techniques." Bulletin du Bibliophile (1991): 43-61. [* Subject heading: manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Helmbold, Anita. "Chaucer Appropriated: The Troilus Frontispiece as Lancastrian Propaganda." Studies in the Age of Chaucer 30 (2008): 205-234. [Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 61.] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Geoffrey Chaucer (Troilus and Criseyde) *]

Helmbold, Anita. Understanding the Manuscript Frontispiece to Corpus Christi College Cambridge MS 61: The Political Language of a Lancastrian Portrait. Fwd. Stephen R. Reimer. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2010. [Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 61.] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Geoffrey Chaucer (Troilus and Criseyde) *]

Hilmo, Maidie. Medieval Images, Icons, and Illustrated English Literary Texts, from the Ruthwell Cross to the Ellesmere Chaucer. Aldershot, Hants., and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004. [This is the first study to cover the range of illustrated English Poems from the Anglo-Saxon period to the early 15th century.] [Contents: Reading medieval images -- Visual and verbal manifestations of the dual nature of Christ on the Ruthwell Cross -- The wisdom and power of the creative word: images for meditation and transformation of self and society in late Anglo-Saxon England -- The revival of the vernacular and the illustrated Caligula, Auchinleck and Vernon Manuscripts -- Creating a visual narrative of the spiritual journey to the new Jerusalem in the Pearl manuscript -- Framing Chaucer's Canterbury Tales for the aristocratic readers of the Ellesmere Manuscript [Ellesmere Manuscript of the Canterbury Tales (San Marino, Huntington Library, MS EL 26.C.9)].] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); page layout and design; manuscript culture *]

Hindman, Sandra, and James Henry Marrow, eds. Books of Hours Reconsidered. Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 72. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2013. [Publisher's description: "This collection of essays provides essential studies on the production, use, and evolution of the Books of Hours."] [Contents: Sandra Hindman, "The Prehistory of Books of Hours and the Growth of their Modern-Day Appreciation"; Adelaide Bennett, "Some Perspectives on the Origins of Books of Hours in France in the Thirteenth-Century"; Christopher de Hamel, "Books of Hours and the Art Market from the Seventeenth Century to the Present Day"; Roger S. Wieck, "The Hours of Catherine of Cleves: The Manuscript that Changed the World"; Nigel Morgan, "English Books of Hours c.1240-c.1480"; Jeffrey Hamburger, "Another Perspective: The Book of Hours in Germany"; Francesca Manzari, "Italian Books of Hours and Prayer Books in the Fourteenth Century"; Gregory T. Clark, "Beyond Saints: Variant Litany Readings and the Localization of Late Medieval Manuscript Books of Hours, the Case of the d'Orges Hours"; Anne Korteweg, "Books of Hours from the Northern Netherlands Reconsidered: The Uses of Utrecht and Windesheim and Geert Grote's Role as a Translator"; Marc Gil, "Picardie-Hainaut: Quelques remarques sur les livres d'heures produits par le Maitre de Rambures et Simon Marmion"; Anne Margreet W. As-Vijvers, "Manuscript Production in a Carmelite Convent: The case of Cornelia von Wulfskercke"; Marie-Françoise Damongeot, "La circulation des modèles iconographiques: l'exemple d'un livre d'Heures parisien (BnF MS N.a.l.3115)"; Mara Hofmann, "Matteo de Milano; Between Ferrara and Rome--The Hours of Dionora of Urbino (London, British Library, Yates Thompson 7)"; Saskia von Bergen, "The Use of Stamps in Bruges Book Production"; Eberhard König, "Twins in Attribution: A New Fashion or a Means to Better Understanding? The Case of the Grandes Heures de Rohan"; James Marrow, "Superimposed Cycles of Marginal Illustration in Late Medieval Horae: Function and History"; Klara H. Broekhuijsen, "Decoration Programmes in Books of Hours by the Masters of the Dark Eyes"; Bronwyn Stocks, "Devotional Emphasis and Distinctive Variations in the Illustration of the Hours of the Virgin in Italian Books of Hours"; Todor Petev, "A Group of Hybrid Manuscripts Illustrated with Woodcuts from Antwerp"; Thierry Claerr, "L'édition d'Heures du 21 avril 1505, une oeuvre charnière dans la production de Thielman Kerver?"; Ariane Bergeron-Foote, "De la fortune de quatre bois gravés: de Paris 1519 à Rouen c. 1593"; Elizabeth A.R. Brown, "The Devotional Books of Claude Gouffier: The Morgan Hours (New York, Morgan Library and Museum, M.538)"; Mary Rouse and Richard Rouse, "Post-Mortem Inventories as a Source for the Production of Manuscripts and Printed Books of Hours."] [* Subject Heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; manuscript art; Europe; history of Books of Hours *]

Kauffmann, C. M. "Art and Popular Culture: New Themes in the Holkham Bible Picture Book." In Studies in Medieval Art and Architecture Presented to Peter Lasko. Ed. David Buckton, and T. A. Heslop. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Alan Sutton Publishing, in association with the Trustees of the British Museum, 1994. Pp. 46-69. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Bible; art history; popular culture *]

Kennedy, Kathleen E. The Courtly and Commercial Art of the Wycliffite Bible. Medieval Church Studies 35. Turnhout: Brepols, 2014. [Publisher's description: "Nearly half the existing copies of the Wycliffite Bible are illuminated. This book offers the first sustained, critical examination of the decoration of Wycliffite Bibles. This study has found that many copies were decorated by the most prominent border and initial artists of their eras. Many more were modeled on these styles. Such highly regarded artists had little to gain from producing volumes that might lead them to trial as heretics and ultimately to the stake. This unprecedented study contributes to recent revisionist criticism and troubles long-standing assumptions about Wycliffism and the Wycliffite Bible. It contends that the manuscript record simply does not support a stark interpretation of the Wycliffite Bible as a marginalized text. Rather, this study reveals a prolific and vibrant textual exchange within the book culture of late medieval England."] [* Subject Heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; Wycliffe Bible; 16th century England; illuminated manuscripts *]

Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn, and Denise L. Despres. Iconography and the Professional Reader: The Politics of Book Production in the Douce "Piers Plowman." Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1999. [Re: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 104.] [* Subject heading: manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); reading and readers (patronage); William Langland *]

L'Engle, Susan, and Gerald B. Guest, eds. Tributes to Jonathan J. G. Alexander: The Making and Meaning of Illuminated Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts, Art and Architecture. Tributes 1. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2006. [Contents: Part One: Artists and Scribes. Lilian Armstrong, A North Italian Drawing of Hercules and Antaeus in a German Incunable: Marco Zoppo(?) and Drawings in Renaissance Books; Benjamin David, Sites of Confluence: The Master of the Yates Thompson Divine Comedy; Albinia C. de la Mare with Xavier van Binnebeke, A List of Books from the Florentine Braccio Martelli; Susan L'Engle, Outside the Canon: Graphic and Pictorial Digressions by Artists and Scribes; Lawrence Nees, The Jonathan Gospels (Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Cod. Pal. lat. 46); Kathleen L. Scott, The Decorated Letters of Two Cotton Manuscripts; Federica Toniolo and Gennaro Toscano, Per l'attività giovanile di Girolamo da Cremona. Part Two: Methods of Work and Production. François Avril, Les copies à répétition. A propos de la circulation et de la dissiménation des modèles; Bezalel Narkiss, Scribes and Artists of the Ashburnham Pentateuch; Margot McIlwain Nishimura, The Grey Gospels: A Frankish Curiosity in Cape Town; Myra Dickman Orth, The English Great Bible of 1539 and the French Connection; Jane Rosenthal and Patrick McGurk, Author, Symbol and Word: The Inspired Evangelists in Judith of Flanders's Anglo-Saxon Gospelbooks; Marina Vidas, Norway's French Connection: The Intended Reader and Subsequent Owners of the Christina Psalter. Part Three: Marginalia. Madeline H. Caviness, Unnatural Spectacles, Aristotelian Precepts and the Construction of Gender around 1300; Ruth Mellinkoff, Break a Leg!; Lilian M. C. Randall, Frontal Heads in the Borders of Parisian and South Netherlandish Books of Hours, ca. 1415-60; Lucy Freeman Sandler, Bared: The Writing Bear in the British Library Bohun Psalter. Part Four: Text and Image. Walter Cahn, An Illuminated Manuscript of Caesarius of Heisterbach's Dialogus miraculorum; C. M. Kauffmann, The Iconography of the Judgement of Solomon in the Middle Ages; Giordana Mariana Canova, L'antico nella miniatura padovana del Rinascimento: Un Plutarco alla Stiftsbibliothek di Linköping; Nigel Morgan, Pictured Sermons in Thirteenth-Century England; Nancy Freeman Regalado, Picturing the Story of Chivalry in Jacques Bretel's Tournoi de Chauvency (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 308); Kathryn A. Smith, Accident, Play and Invention: Three Infancy Miracles in the Holkham Bible Picture Book; Alison Stones, The 'Terrier de l'Évêque' and Some Reflections of Daily Life in the Second Half of the Thirteenth Century. Part Five: Cultural Context. Paul Binski, John the Smith's Grave; Martha Easton, The Wound of Christ, the Mouth of Hell: Appropriations and Inversions of Female Anatomy in the Later Middle Ages; Désirée Koslin, Under the Influence: Copying the Revelationes of St. Birgitta of Sweden; Mary and Richard Rouse, A Cat Can Look at a King: an Illustrated Episode in the Grandes Chroniques; Evelyn Birge Vitz, Liturgical versus Biblical Citation in Medieval Vernacular Literature; William M. Voelkle, Liberale da Verona's North Wind Unraveled. Part Six: Afterlives - Receptions. Janet Backhouse, The Case of Queen Melisende's Psalter: An Historical Investigation; Paul Crossley, Anglia Perdita. English Medieval Architecture and Neo-Romanticism; Karen Eileen Overbey, Locating the Book: The Domnach Airgid Shrine in Medieval Ireland; Roger S. Wieck, Papal Fragments at Rosenbach. Bibliography of J. J. G. Alexander.] [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Lawton, Lesley. "The Illustration of Late Medieval Secular Texts, with Special Reference to Lydgate's Troy Book." In Manuscripts and Readers in Fifteenth-Century England. Ed. Derek Pearsall. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer / Boydell and Brewer, 1983. Pp. 41-69. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Lee, Jennifer. "The Illuminating Critic: The Illustrator of Cotton Nero A.x." Studies in Iconography 3 (1977): 17-46. [On the illustrations in the Pearl manuscript as a "reading" of the poems by an medieval reader.] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); literary transmission; "Pearl"; "Gawain and the Green Knight"; London, British Library, MS Cotton Nero A.x. art. 3 *]

Lloyd-Morgan, Ceridwen. Welsh Manuscripts and English Manuscripts in Wales. An Index of Images in English and Welsh Manuscripts from the Time of Chaucer to Henry VIII, c. 1380-c. 1509. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2011. [Publisher's description: "This is the sixth volume in a continuing series of publications listing and identifying all illustrations contained in English manuscripts from the time of Chaucer to Henry VIII. This was an important period in the history of book production in Britain, and the range of subject-matter illustrated is of significance to historians of art, religion, literature, costume, natural science, and social custom. The present volume extends the survey to Wales and catalogues not only English manuscripts in Welsh collections but also Welsh manuscripts, including those held outside Wales. The catalogue contains entries for 128 manuscripts and notes the subject-matter of every illustration in each manuscript, from full-page miniatures and historiated initials to marginalia, added drawings and nota bene signs. A comprehensive index of pictorial subjects provides readers with complete references to the visual material with thematic groupings making the following categories easily accessible: animals, architecture, birds, Christ, containers, costume, furniture, kings, musical instruments, occupations/professions, plants, saints, tools, Virgin Mary, weapons, and women. The volume also includes a user's guide, an extensive glossary of subjects and terms, including Welsh terms, and indexes of authors/texts and of manuscripts with coats of arms."] [* Subject Heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; manuscripts (catalogues: thematic [British illumination]; Welsh manuscripts; English manuscripts; late medieval and early modern; Renaissance; paintings *]

Marks, Richard, and Nigel Morgan. The Golden Age of English Manuscript Painting, 1200-1500. New York: George Braziller, 1981. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

McKendrick, Scot. Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts, 1400-1550. [Exhibition catalogue.] London: British Library, 2003. [Publisher's description: "The remarkable and distinctive art of early Netherlandish painters such as Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden is well known to visitors of art galleries and museums. Yet illuminated manuscripts, rarely seen except by scholars and curators, offer some of the best evidence for our understanding of early Netherlandish painting through a remarkable period of 150 years. Unlike paintings, which have been varnished, cleaned, repainted and exposed to light, the illuminations kept secure within the bindings of a book retain their original colour and clarity of definition."] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); manuscript culture; manuscripts (catalogues: exhibition) *]

McKitterick, David, ed. The Trinity Apocalypse. [Book and CD-ROM.] British Library Studies in Medieval Culture. London: British Library; Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005. [Publisher's description: "The essays in this collection concern the creation of The Trinity Apocalyps and its subsequent history, including the circumstances surrounding its coming to its current home at Trinity College, Cambridge, in the seventeenth century." "The Trinity Apocalypse has long been considered the finest manuscript of its kind. Containing the text of the Book of Revelation, accompanied by a commentary and a remarkable series of illustrations that depict the dream of John in vivid detail, it was written and illustrated in England in the mid-thirteenth century (with a text in French), and stands at the height of artistic achievement. Amidst the figures in the dream, there are people and animals familiar in contemporary life, depicted with a colour and vitality whose appeal speaks over the centuries. The essays in this collection concern the creation of The Trinity Apocalypse and its subsequent history."] [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Cambridge, Trinity College, MS R.16.2 *]

Michael, M. A. "English Illuminators c.1190-1450: A Survey from Documentary Sources." English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700 4 (1993): 62-113. [* Subject heading: manuscript production; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Ohlgren, Thomas H., ed. Insular and Anglo-Saxon Illuminated Manuscripts: An Iconographic Catalogue, c. A.D. 625 to 1100. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities 631. New York and London: Garland Publishers, 1986. [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Old English manuscripts; Anglo-Saxon period *]

Pächt, Otto. Book Illumination in the Middle Ages: An Introduction. Trans. Kay Davenport. Pref. J. J. G. Alexander. London: Harvey Miller Publishers; Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1986. [Originally published in German as Buchmalerei des Mittelalters: Eine Einführung, ed. Dagmar Thoss and Ulrike Jenni (Munich: Prestel-Verlag, 1984). The text "is based on a series of lectures, 'Introduction to Medieval Illumination,' delivered by Otto Pächt at the University of Vienna in the Winter term of 1967/68" ("Preface to the original German Edition," p. 223).] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Panayotova, Stella, ed. The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers. Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 52. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2007. [26 papers delivered at the Conference held in Cambridge in December 2005 by a distinguished group of art historians and medievalists.] [George Henderson, 'Introduction'; Andrea Worm, 'The Gospel Book in the Fitzwilliam Museum, MS McClean 21: Some New Aspects of the Artistic Relationship between the Meuse Valley, the Rhineland and Lower-Saxony'; Catherine Karkov, 'Evangelist Portraits and Book Production in Anglo-Saxon England'; Stella Panayotova, 'Tutorials with Slides for Thomas Becket'; Robert Scheller, 'Wreath and Crown in Apocalypse Illustrations'; Martine Meuwese, 'The Exploits of Alexander the Great in Trinity College'; Mary Rouse, 'Keeping Up Appearances: CUL Gg.4.6, Roman de la rose'; Richard Rouse, 'The Illuminator of Marie de St. Pol's Breviary'; Spike Bucklow, 'A Tale of Two Blues'; Kathleen Scott, 'Manuscripts for Henry VII in Cambridge'; T. A. Heslop, 'Manuscript Illumination at Worcester in 1055-1075'; William Schipper, 'Sacred Cross Word Puzzles: Trinity College, Cambridge, MS B.16.3'; Lawrence Nees, 'Between Carolingian and Romanesque in France: Cambridge Fitzwilliam Museum, MS McClean 19 and its Relatives'; Gennaro Toscano, 'Cristoforo Majorana e la miniature all'antica: a proposito di qualche codice conservato a Cambridge'; Jessica Berenbeim, 'English Fourteenth-Century Pastoral Manuscripts'; Judith Oliver, 'Te matrem laudamus: The Many Roles of Mary in Liège Psalter Hours in Cambridge'; Lilian Armstrong, 'Venetian Incunables in Cambridge Collections: Modes of Hand-Illumination'; Anne-Marie Legaré, 'New Elements on the Oettingen Library: Fitzwilliam MS 22'; Michael Michael, 'Seeing in the Macclesfield Psalter and the Trinity Bede'; Margaret Manion, 'Blending Private and Liturgical Prayer: MS 3-1954 at the Fitzwilliam Museum and Valois Patronage'; Nicholas Rogers, 'From Eleanor of Castile to John Scott the Younger: Evidence for Illumination in Cambridge'; Patrick Zutshi, 'The Provenance of the so-called Hours of Isabella of Aragon'; Roger Wieck, 'The Primer of Claude de France and the Education of the Renaissance Child'; Lucy Sandler, 'The Macclesfield Psalter'; William Noel, 'W. de Brailes and the Illustration of the Psalter in Thirteenth-Century England'; Peter Jones, 'Cambridge University Library MS Gg.1.1: Fancy Horse or Pack-mule?'; Eberhard König, 'Angers Illumination in Cambridge (FM MSS 62, 39-1950)'; Alison Stones, 'Some Secular Manuscripts in Cambridge Collections.'] [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Pearsall, Derek. "The Troilus Frontispiece." Yearbook of English Studies 7 (1977): 68-74. [Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 61.] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Geoffrey Chaucer (Troilus and Criseyde) *]

Pyun, Kyunghee, and Anna D. Russakoff, eds. Jean Pucelle: Innovation and Collaboration in Manuscript Painting. Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 59. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2013. [Publisher's description: "Jean Pucelle (fl. ca. 1319-d. 1334) was one of the most prominent artists of the first half of the fourteenth century, an influential illuminator who worked closely with a number of collaborators both known and anonymous. A large number of lavishly-illuminated manuscripts have been attributed to him based on stylistic analysis. Scholarly essays in this book explore issues crucial to the establishment of his distinctinve style: originality, technique, color palette, influence, levels of resemblance, the relationships between artistic media, and patronage. The contributors to this volume analyze the major works associated with Pucelle or the Pucellian style, and interpret pictorial elements in the tradition of artistic collaboration. This is the first collective work devoted entirely to Jean Pucelle and his legacy."] [Contents: Introduction / Roger S. Wieck -- Jean Pucelle and his patrons / Joan A. Holladay -- Jean Pucelle and the Parisian seal-engravers and goldsmiths / Marc Gil -- Perfect penmanship: Pucelle's creativity in the margins of the Hours of Jeanne d'Évreux / Barbara D. Boehm -- Collaborative illumination: Jean Pucelle and the visual program of Gautier de Coinci's Les miracles de Nostre Dame (Paris, BnF, nouv. acq. fr. 24541) / Anna D. Russakoff -- Color, grisaille and pictorial techniques in works by Jean Pucelle / Pascale Charron -- Working with Jean Pucelle and his successors: the case of the Saint Louis Master (Mahiet?) / Mie Kuroiwa -- Collaboration in the Hours of Jeanne de Navarre / Marguerite A. Keane -- The Pucellian School and the rise of naturalism: style as royal signifier? / Domenic Leo -- Pucellian influence in illuminated liturgical manuscripts / Kyunghee Pyun.] [*Subject heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration; French; patronage; Pucellian influence *]

Randall, L[ilian] M. C. "Exempla as a Source of Gothic Marginal Illumination." Art Bulletin 39 (1957): 105. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); marginalia; medieval sermons *]

Randall, L[ilian] M. C. Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); manuscript production; marginalia *]

Reichardt, Paul F. "'Several illuminations, coarsely executed': The Illustrations of the Pearl Manuscript." Studies in Iconongraphy 18 (1997): 119-142. [A study of the illustrations in the Pearl manuscript.] [* Subject headings: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); manuscript production; literary transmission; "Pearl"; "Gawain and the Green Knight"; London, British Library, MS Cotton Nero A.x. art. 3 *]

Robb, David M. The Art of the Illuminated Manuscript. South Brunswick: A. S. Barnes, 1973. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Scheller, Robert W. Exemplum: Model-Book Drawings and the Practice of Artistic Transmission in the Middle Ages (200 B.C.-ca. 1470). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1996. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Scott, Kathleen L. "Design, Decoration and Illustration." In Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475. Ed. Jeremy Griffiths and Derek Pearsall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Pp. 31-64. [Of 40,000 surviving manuscripts from the late 14th to the early 16th centuries, at least 1000 were illustrated and another 2000 had elaborately decorated borders. Borders, mainly significant as textual division markers, must have been meant to delight since they were so elaborate: simple coloured bands would have served if they were only meant to be functional. Even decoration was "significant and signifying." The most often illustrated works were medical and scientific works, followed by Latin works, histories, Books of Hours, English and French vernacular works including Chaucer, and so on. Lydgate's and Gower's works figure prominently among illustrated books both having been illustrated ("disconcertingly") more often than Chaucer. Typical features of illustration include heraldic arms, miniature portraits enclosed within decorated capitals, half-page and quarter-page miniatures in bar-frames, as well as full-page illustrations. Decoration included bar-frames, frame corners and frame mid-points emphasized with acanthus blooms, horn flowers, floral roundels, vine stubs, vine sprays and pen squiggles. The most elaborate decoration and illustration was saved for major textual divisions with simpler decoration in other parts of the text [abstract by John Morris].] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Scott, Kathleen L. "Limner-Power: A Book Artist in England, c. 1420." In Prestige, Authority and Power in Late Medieval Manuscripts and Texts. Ed. Felicity Riddy. York Manuscripts Conferences, Proceedings 4. Woodbridge, Suffolk, and Rochester, NY: York Medieval Press / Boydell and Brewer, in association with the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, 2000. Pp. 55-75. [A study of the frontispiece to Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 61 (Chaucer, "Troilus and Criseyde"); a large, full-colour reproduction of the frontispiece is inserted between pages 56 and 57.] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); Geoffrey Chaucer (Troilus and Criseyde) *]

Scott-Fleming, Sonia. The Analysis of Pen Flourishing in Thirteenth-Century Manuscripts. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1989. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Taylor, Andrew. "Playing on the Margins: Bakhtin and the Smithfield Decretals." In Bakhtin and Medieval Voices. Ed. Thomas J. Farrell. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995. Pp. 17-37. [* Subject heading: manuscript production: decoration and illustration (illumination); London, British Library, Royal MS 10.E.iv *]

Temple, Elizbieta. Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts, 900-1066. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 2. London: Harvey Miller, 1976. [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); paleography: history of; Old English manuscripts; Anglo-Saxon period *]

Valentine, Lucia N. Ornament in Medieval Manuscripts: A Glossary. London: Faber and Faber, 1965. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); glossaries *]

Varty, Kenneth. "Reynard the Fox and the Smithfield Decretals." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 26 (1963): 347-354 and Pls. 37-40. [On marginal illuminations in the Smithfield Decretals, many of which seem to form something of a "Reynard the Fox" cycle. Varty also draws parallels with Chaucer's "Nun's Priest's Tale."] [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); marginalia; London, British Library, Royal MS 10.E.iv *]

Weekes, Ursula. Early Engravers and their Public: The Master of the Berlin Passion and Manuscripts from Convents in the Rhine-Maas Region, ca. 1450-1500. Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 39. Turnhout: Harvey Miller / Brepols, 2004. [Publisher's description: "This is a book about the production and reception of engravings and metalcuts in the Rhine-Maas region during the second half of the fifteenth century. The Master of the Berlin Passion played a pivotal role in the print-making industry of the Lower Rhine during this period. He, together with the engravers working in his ambit, specifically targeted their prints at the growing market for illustrated devotional manuscripts, doing so to an extent unparalleled by engravers elsewhere in Europe. As a result, experimental hybrid books combining manuscript and engraving were a phenomenon that flourished particularly in the Rhine-Maas region during the fifteenth century. The first part of this book deals with the production of engravings and metalcuts for the manuscript market, concentrating specifically on the Master of the Berlin Passion and the engravers and metalcutters in his circle. The motives of these printmakers related to broader cultural and social changes during the latter half of the fifteenth century. These were critical years of transition in methods of book production as printmakers and manuscript-makers across Europe strove to exploit the potential of new print technology combined with traditional craft skills. The second part of the book concentrates on the public for whom these printmakers worked. Prints that were pasted, bound or sewn into contemporary manuscripts, and which still remain in position, provide an unparalleled opportunity to study the audiences of engravings and metalcuts. . . . The predominantly female ownership of Rhine-Maas manuscripts with inserted engravings is a major theme of the book. Most of the manuscripts discussed are vernacular prayerbooks or Books of Hours that belonged either to nuns or to members of the lay female gentry in the Low Countries. In many cases the books can be linked to the pietistic reform movement of the Devotio Moderna suggesting that, as in other areas of Northern Europe, there was a link between the use of prints and movements of monastic reform. This book contributes to our understanding of an important circle of print artists and their public; early uses of printing during the period of transition from manuscript to print; the functions of, and aesthetic attitudes towards, engravings in the fifteenth century and the role of engravings in religious devotion prior to the Reformation, particularly among women."] [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); engraving *]

Weitzmann, K. Ancient Book Illumination. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1959. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination) *]

Wentersdorf, Karl P. "The Symbolic Significance of Figurae scatologicae in Gothic Manuscripts." In Word, Picture, and Spectacle. Ed. Clifford Davidson. Early Drama, Art, and Music (EDAM) Monograph Series 5. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1984. Pp. 1-19 and figs. 1-27. [* Subject heading: manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); marginalia ]

Wieck, Roger S., ed. Miracles in Miniature: The Art of the Master of Claude de France. [Catalogue of an exhibition at The Morgan Library and Museum, 30 May - 14 September 2014.] New York: Morgan Library and Museum, 2014. [Contents: Fit for a queen: the art of the Master of Claude de France / Roger S. Wieck -- Tradition and innovation in sixteenth-century Tours: a conservator's view / Francisco Trujillo -- Oeuvre of the Master of Claude de France / Roger S. Wieck.] [* Subject heading: manuscript culture; manuscript decoration and illustration (illumination); French manuscripts: early modern (sixteenth century) *]

Williams, John, ed. Imaging the Early Medieval Bible. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000. [* Subject heading: Manuscript production: decoration and illustration (illumination); Bible, history of *]

Bibliography: [ Some basic resources ] | [ General bibliography ] | [ History of the book ] | [ Literacy and education, medieval and early modern (readers and reading) ] | [ Archival research ] | [ Forgeries / bibliographic fraud ] | [ Dictionaries (historical) ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: Early Modern book culture ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: production ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: catalogues ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: facsimiles ] | [ Diplomatics: the study of historical documents ] | [ Printing, history of ] | [ Publishing, history of ] | [ Libraries and repositories, history of; book collecting ] | [ Manuscript culture ] | [ Manuscript culture: patronage ] | [ Manuscripts: codicology ] | [ Manuscripts: paleography ] | [ Manuscript production ] | [ Manuscript production: scribes and scribal practices ] | [ Manuscript production: decoration and illustration ] | [ Manuscript production: material culture (paper, bindings, etc.) ] | [ Manuscripts: catalogues and finding aids ] | [ Manuscripts: facsimiles and facsimile editions ] | [ Sigillography (the study of seals) ] | [ Textual criticism and editing ] | [ Keyword search of entire bibliography ]

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© 1998, 2015 Stephen R. Reimer
English; University of Alberta; Edmonton, Canada
All rights reserved.
Created: 29 Oct. 1998; Last revised: 28 Sept. 2015

email: Stephen.Reimer@UAlberta.Ca
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