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Manuscript Studies
Medieval and Early Modern

Bibliography: Early Printed Books: Production


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Armstrong, Lilian. "The Hand Illumination of Venetian Bibles in the Incunable Period." In Incunabula and their Readers: Printing, Selling and Using Books in the Fifteenth Century. Ed. Kristian Jensen. London: British Library, 2003. Pp. 83-113. [* Subject heading: Early printed books and incunabula: production; incunabula: decoration and illumination (illustration); page layout and collecting; Bible, history of *]

Aurner, Nellie Slayton. Caxton, Mirrour of Fifteenth-Century Letters: A Study of the Literature of the First English Press. London: P. Allan and Co.; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1926. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Avis, Frederick C. "The Growth of London Printing, Publishing, and Bookselling in the Sixteenth Century." Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 1974, 100-109. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Bennett, H[enry] S[tanley]. "Caxton and His Public." Review of English Studies 19 (1943): 113-119. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Bennett, Stuart. Trade Bookbinding in the British Isles, 1660-1800. London: British Library; New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2004. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production (bookbinding) *]

Blake, Norman F. William Caxton: A Bibliographical Guide. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1985. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Carlson, David R. "Woodcut Illustrations of the Canterbury Tales, 1483-1602." The Library 6th ser. 19 (1997): 25-67. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; book illustration (woodcuts) *]

Clark, Peter. "The Ownership of Books in England, 1560-1640: The Example of Some Kentish Townsfolk." In Schooling and Society: Studies in the History of Education. Ed. Lawrence Stone. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976. Pp. 95-111. [* Subject heading: early printed books: ownership and collecting; reading and readers *]

Dane, Joseph A. "Thynne's 1532 Edition of Chaucer." The Library, 6th ser. 17 (1995): 156-167. [* Subject heading: early printed books; Geoffrey Chaucer (early printed editions) *]

Deacon, Richard. A Biography of William Caxton: The First English Editor, Printer, Merchant and Translator. London: Frederick Muller, 1976. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Dodgson, Campbell. English Woodcuts of the Fifteenth Century, . . . with 23 Reproductions. Einblattdrucke des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts, Band 88. Strasbourg: J. H. Ed. Heitz, 1936. [Rpt. Naarden, Netherlands: A. W. van Bekhoven, 1970.] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; book illustration *]

Dodgson, Campbell. Woodcuts and Metal Cuts of the Fifteenth Century, Chiefly of the German School. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1914. [A catalogue of an exhibition.] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; book illustration *]

Dodgson, Campbell. Woodcuts of the Fifteenth Century in the John Rylands Library, Manchester, Reproduced in Facsimile with an Introduction and Notes. The John Rylands Facsimiles 4. Manchester: Manchester University Press; London: Longmans, Green and Co. and Bernard Quaritch; New York, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras: Longmans, Green and Co., 1915. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; book illustration *]

Dondi, Cristina. "Books of Hours: The Development of the Texts in Printed Form." In Incunabula and their Readers: Printing, Selling and Using Books in the Fifteenth Century. Ed. Kristian Jensen. London: British Library, 2003. Pp. 53-70. [* Subject heading: Early printed books and incunabula: production; relation of manuscripts and books; literary transmission *]

Edwards, A. S. G., and Carol M. Meale. "The Marketing of Printed Books in Late Medieval England." The Library 6th ser. 15 (1993): 95-124. [A comparison of the ways in which William Caxton, Wynkyn de Worde, and Richard Pynson attempted to create markets for the books that they had to sell, including discussions of patrons, of political connections, of woodcuts (the "visual dimension of book design"), and of choice of material. "Taken all in all we may conclude that it is de Worde who emerges as the crucial figure in the consolidation of printing as a commercial structure in England in the early sixteenth century, . . . [for he] was led to more variegated and innovative forms of publishing and to a wider sense of the technical and institutional possibilities of printing" (124).] [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Goldschmidt, Ernst Philip. Medieval Texts and their First Appearance in Print. London: Oxford University Press, for the Bibliographical Society, 1943. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Greenfield, Jane. ABC as Bookbinding. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Books, 1997. [* Subject heading: early printed books; modern books; material production (bookbinding) *]

Heawood, E[dward]. "Sources of Early English Paper Supply." The Library 4th ser. 10 (1929): 282-307. [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula; material production (paper) *]

Heawood, Edward. Watermarks, Mainly of the 17th and 18th Centuries. Monumenta chartae papyraceae historiam illustrantia 1. Hilversum, Holland: Paper Publications Society, 1950. [* Subject heading: early printed books; modern books; material production (paper); watermarks *]

Hindman, Sandra. Pen to Press, Paint to Print: Manuscript Illumination and Early Prints in the Age of Gutenberg. Paris and New York: Les Enluminures, 2009. [Publisher's description: "This catalogue examines the discourse on manuscripts and prints in the age of Gutenberg, providing complete descriptions of 44 works."] [* Subject heading: early printed books and incunabula: production; early modern manuscripts; relation of manuscripts and books; manuscript illumination and decoration *]

Hinman, Charlton. The Printing and Proof-Reading of the First Folio of Shakespeare. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production *]

Hirsch, Rudolf. Printing, Selling and Reading, 1450-1550. 2nd ed. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1974. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; reading and readers *]

Hodnett, Edward. English Woodcuts, 1480-1535. Illustrated Monographs Issued by the Bibliographical Society 22. London: Oxford University Press, for the Bibliographical Society, 1935 (for 1934). [A catalogue of the woodcuts which were used (and frequently reused) in early printed books in England.] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; book illustration *]

Honkapohja, A. Alchemy, Medicine, and Commercial Book Production: A Codicological and Linguistic Study of the Voigts-Sloane Manuscript Group. Texts and Transitions 9. Turnhout: Brepols, 2017. [Publisher's description: "The Voigts-Sloane group of Middle English manuscripts, first described by Professor Emerita Linda Voigts in 1990, has attracted much curiosity and scholarly attention. The manuscripts exhibit a degree of uniformity that may originate from systematic copying of medical and alchemical manuscripts (possibly for speculative sale) in London or its metropolitan area in 1450s and 1460s--only decades before William Caxton established his printing press in Westminster. Some of the manuscripts share a strikingly similar mise-en-page, others present a standard anthology of medical treatises in a standard order. This book provides a thorough re-examination of these manuscripts through a combination of codicological and linguistic methodologies. It examines different procedures which may have facilitated the production of the manuscripts, including speculative production and copying of separate booklets. The study also addresses the dialect of the manuscripts, and code-switching between Latin and Middle English. By showing that the manuscripts sharing a similar layout are also written in the same dialect, the book thus provides important new information on the dialects of medical writing, and shows that dialect is a further defining feature for this manuscript group. The book also highlights late medieval concerns over alchemy and medicine, explaining the apparent contradiction of the inclusion of alchemy (which was illegal) in commercially copied manuscripts. This study thus provides both a comprehensive new description of these manuscripts, and sheds new light on the commercial and cultural contexts of book production in late medieval England."] [Contents: Introduction -- The Book Trade in London before Printing -- Sibling Group: Manuscript Descriptions and Assessing Evidence of Co-ordinated Book Production -- The Core Group: Manuscript Descriptions, Booklet Construction, and Evidence of Origin -- Family Resemblance -- Multilingualism -- Dialect and Dialectology.] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; relation of manuscripts and books; early modern book culture; early modern printing of medieval texts; transmission of texts; England: printers and printing *]

Hunt, Arnold, Giles Mandelbrote, and Alison Shell, eds. The Book Trade and its Customers, 1450-1900: Historical Essays for Robin Myers. Winchester: St. Paul's Bibliographies, 1997. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; early modern books; ownership and collecting; provenance *]

Jensen, Kristian. Incunabula in the Bodleian Library. Patrimonia 66. Berlin: KulturStiftung der Länder; Köln: Fritz Thyssen Stiftung, 1992. [Not a catalogue, but a description of the collection as a catalogue is in the process of being prepared.] [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula *]

Johnson, J., and S. Gibson. Print and Privilege at Oxford to the Year 1700. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1946. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula *]

Jubert, Roxanne. Typography and Graphic Design, from Antiquity to the Present. Fwd. Ellen Lupton and Serge Lemoine. Trans. Deke Dusinberre and David Radzinowicz. Paris: Editions Flammarion, 2006. [* Subject heading: Early printed books and incunabula: production; Printing, history of; material production (typography) *]

Kwakkel, Erik. "A New Type of Book for a New Type of Reader: The Emergence of Paper in Vernacular Book Production." The Library 7th ser. 4 (2003): 219-248. [* Subject heading: Early printed books and incunabula: production; history of printing; material production (paper) *]

Lee, Marshall. Bookmaking: Editing / Design / Production. 3rd ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 2004. [* Subject heading: early printed books and incunabula: production; page layout and design; incunabula; copy-texts and exemplars; textual criticism and editing *]

Parry, J. H. "Depicting a New World." In The Early Illustrated Book: Essays in Honor of Lessing J. Rosenwald. Ed. Sandra Hindman. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1982. Pp. 136-149. [Discusses illustrations in early printed books showing scenes from the "New World."] [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula; book illustration *]

Pearson, David. English Bookbinding Styles, 1450-1800. London: British Library, 2005. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; material production (bookbinding) *]

Piccard, Gerhard. Die Wasserzeichenkartei Piccard im Haupstaatsarchiv Stuttgart: Findbuch. 17 vols. in 24. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1961-1997. [Supplements, and to some extent supersedes, Briquet on watermarks.] [* Subject heading: early printed books; material production (paper); watermarks *]

Pollard, H. G. "Changes in the Style of Bookbinding, 1550-1830." The Library 5th ser. 11 (1956): 71-94. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; material production (bookbinding) *]

Powell, Sue. The Birgittines of Syon Abbey: Preaching and Print. Texts and Transitions 11. Turnhout: Brepols, 2017. [Publisher's description: "The Birgittine Order of nuns, founded by St Birgitta herself, was first established at Vadstena in Sweden in 1384, six years after the order had received papal recognition and eleven years after the saint's death. It only ever established one house in Britain, but that was a significant one. The house was founded by Henry V in 1415 and was peopled by daughters of the most influential English families, who formed the sisterhood, and some of the most learned and intellectual English priests, who formed the complementary brotherhood. This book considers the role of the Birgittines of Syon as producers and readers of texts through an analysis of both late medieval manuscripts and early printed books. It focuses on the later fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, the most fruitful period of Birgittine outreach, when the printing press had opened up new opportunities of mission and transmission. It considers the community's response to the teachings of St Birgitta herself in relation to the Birgittines' preaching, for which Syon was nationally famous, as well as their authorship of works in both manuscript and printed format. It also examines the relationship between the Syon community and the nearby Carthusians of Sheen and London. In particular, it highlights the intermediary role of King Henry VII's mother, Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was an important link between the Birgittines, the Carthusians, and the printing houses of the late Middle Ages."] [Contents: A Note on the Bibliography of Syon Abbey and the Birgittine Order -- The Birgittines of Syon Abbey -- Preaching at Syon Abbey -- A Rare Survival of Sermons Preached at Syon Abbey? -- Links to Syon Abbey in Caxton's Editions of John Mirk's Festial -- Manuscript and Print at Syon Abbey -- Lady Margaret Beaufort: Books, Printers, and Syon Abbey -- Syon Abbey in the Reign of Henry VIII and Beyond -- Appendices: A) A Bibliography of Syon texts before and after 1519 -- B) A List of Woodcuts in Syon Productions (in chronological order).] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; early modern book culture; transmission of texts; literature and society; religion and literature *]

Rasmussen, B. Hjlund. The Transition from Manuscript to Printed Book: An Inaugural Lecture given in the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland on 24 June 1960. London: Oxford University Press, 1962. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; relation of manuscripts and books *]

Schoff, Rebecca L. Reformations: Three Medieval Authors in Manuscript and Movable Type. Texts and Transitions 4. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007. [Publisher's description: "This volume discusses the key shift from manuscript to print culture in the history of books, taking The Canterbury Tales, The Book of Margery Kempe, and Piers Plowman as models of the way in which a medieval text's unique tradition influenced its transition from manuscript to print. The forces of the Reformation era did not produce the same effect across the varied textual legacy of the Middle Ages. Every text that made the transition from manuscript to print brought with it a set of concerns, a tendency to address a particular readership in particular ways, a physical presence developed in manuscript culture, all of which might shape the pathways by which a text might arrive in print, and what it might look like when it got there. This study follows The Canterbury Tales, The Book of Margery Kempe, and Piers Plowman from their circulation in manuscript to their presentation in print, in order to track how each of them survived the metamorphosis of the relationship between writers and readers as the new technology was introduced. Taken together, the three case studies demonstrate to scholars of any medieval literature the variety of possible impacts made when texts composed in manuscript culture were prepared for printing. The great force exerted by the technological and cultural developments of the English Reformation, not least the more centralized legislative regulation of the press, has long been central to the study of the history of books. This volume takes into account the ways in which individual textual traditions pushed back or accelerated the forces of early modern reform, producing their own plural reformations."] [Contents: Introduction: History of the Book and Authorship in the Late Middle Ages -- Reading, Writing, and Printing the Canterbury Tales -- Editing the Books of Margery Kempe -- Printing, Writing, and Reading Piers Plowman -- Conclusion: Readers as Agents of Change?] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; relation of manuscripts and books; early modern book culture; early modern printing of medieval literary texts; transmission of texts; England: printers and printing; Geoffrey Chaucer (early printed editions); Margery Kempe (early printed editions); William Langland (early printed editions) *]

Simpson, Percy. Proof-Reading in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuries. London: Oxford University Press, 1935. [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; modern books *]

Smith, Margaret M. "The Design Relationship Between the Manuscript and the Incunable." In A Millennium of the Book: Production, Design and Illustration in Manuscript and Print, 900-1900. Ed. Robin Myers and Michael Harris. Publishing Pathways. Winchester: St Paul's Bibliographies; New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 1994. Pp. 23-43. [That the common cliché about the early printed book "imitating" the manuscript is misleading: obviously, the incunable owed much to the manuscript, but the term "imitate" implies a) a relationship of something "fake" to something "real," but is the manuscript any more "real" than the book that succeeded it? and b) an action which is deceitful, and this implication has actually led some writers on the subject to go so far as to suggest that early book producers were practicing a form of counterfeiting. Rather, "manuscripts were the natural starting point (the antecedents and/or prototypes) for printed books, and . . . the relationship is better characterized as emulation rather than imitation," and many of the "imitative" features are explicable in simple terms of the economics of production (p. 25).] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; relation of manuscripts and books; page layout and design *]

Smith, Margaret M. The Title-Page: Its Early Development, 1460-1510. London: British Library; New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2000. [* Subject Headings: history of the book; early printed books; book illustration *]

Smythe, Sara Lanier. "Woodcuts in English Books, 1536-1560." Ph.D. thesis. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1973. [A supplement to Hodnett, English Woodcuts, continuing the catalogue to 1560.] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; book illustration *]

Talbot, Charles. "Topography as Landscape in Early Printed Books." In The Early Illustrated Book: Essays in Honor of Lessing J. Rosenwald. Ed. Sandra Hindman. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1982. Pp. 105-116. [Talbot discusses woodcut illustrations of city-scapes in early printed books.] [* Subject heading: early printed books; incunabula; book illustration *]

Tonry, Kathleen. Agency and Intention in English Print, 1476-1526. Texts and Transitions 7. Turnhout: Brepols, 2016. [Publisher's description: "This volume offers a new intellectual framework for early print that bridges divisions between the study of print and the study of literature, between manuscripts and printed books, and between pre- and post-1500 textual cultures. Through an extensive focus on medieval texts and ideas, it is demonstrated here that in the half-century before the Reformation, English print was part of a highly energetic tradition of late medieval textual production. Central to this tradition was the expression of ethical agency, or moral 'entente,' through the creation of texts and books. This insight reveals how the first English printed books expressed the deliberate moral and cultural commitments of individual printers. By following early print across a range of genres (history writing, religious instruction, hagiography, law books, and translation), this study also sheds light on the contexts within which the agencies of early printers mattered, including mercantile politics, civic and statute law, and theological economics. The volume, which treats the pre-Reformation press as a whole, is based in particular on the bibliographical evidence provided in editions by William Caxton, Wynkyn de Worde, Richard Pynson, John Rastell, and Thomas Berthelet, as well as on close readings of texts and contextual materials. The questions raised here, however, are about more than old books and early printers: ultimately, this study argues that the history of the material book is an intellectual history of agency and textual production."] [Contents: Introduction: Agencies -- The Personality of Print -- Usurers and Printed Books: The Mercantile Contexts of Intention in Late Medieval London -- The Uses of Religious Printing by Merchants, for Merchants -- Print's Experiments with Readerly Agency in Historical Writing -- Coda.] [* Subject heading: early printed books: production; incunabula; relation of manuscripts and books; early modern book culture; early modern printing of medieval texts; transmission of texts; England: printers and printing *]

Wagner, Bettina, ed. Als die Lettern laufen lernten: Medienwandel im 15. Jahrhundert; Inkunabeln aus der Bayerische Staatsbiblothek Müchen. [Exhibition catalogue.] Weisbaden: Reichert Verlag, 2009. [Publisher's description: "The invention of printing with movable letters by Johann Gutenberg is frequently described as a 'media revolution' and compared with the effects of the 'electronic revolution' of the past decades. While both events had far-reaching consequences on the production and distribution of texts, this exhibition intends to demonstrate that a gradual transition rather then a sudden turn over took place in the second half of the 15th century. Increasingly, printing techniques were employed for the production of books, but the oldest printed books, traditionally referred to as incunabula, still included many individual features which were created by hand. Thus innovation and tradition overlap in many respects: the modern techniques for the multiplication of texts and images in print only gradually superseded handwriting, and for a long time, printed books continued to be corrected by hand and to be decorated with hand-coloured headlines and painted illustrations."] [* Subject heading: incunabula; history of the book; history of publishing; early printed books; book illustration *]

Winn, Mary Beth. "Illustrations in Parisian Books of Hours: Borders and Repertoires." In Incunabula and their Readers: Printing, Selling and Using Books in the Fifteenth Century. Ed. Kristian Jensen. London: British Library, 2003. Pp. 31-52. [* Subject heading: early modern books: decoration and illustration (illumination); page layout and design *]



Bibliography: [ Some basic resources ] | [ General bibliography ] | [ History of the book ] | [ Literacy and education, medieval and early modern (readers and reading) ] | [ Archival research ] | [ Forgeries / bibliographic fraud ] | [ Dictionaries (historical) ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: Early Modern book culture ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: production ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: catalogues ] | [ Early printed books and incunabula: facsimiles ] | [ Diplomatics: the study of historical documents ] | [ Printing, history of ] | [ Publishing, history of ] | [ Libraries and repositories, history of; book collecting ] | [ Manuscript culture ] | [ Manuscript culture: patronage ] | [ Manuscripts: codicology ] | [ Manuscripts: paleography ] | [ Manuscript production ] | [ Manuscript production: scribes and scribal practices ] | [ Manuscript production: decoration and illustration ] | [ Manuscript production: material culture (paper, bindings, etc.) ] | [ Manuscripts: catalogues and finding aids ] | [ Manuscripts: facsimiles and facsimile editions ] | [ Sigillography (the study of seals) ] | [ Textual criticism and editing ] | [ Keyword search of entire bibliography ]


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© 1998, 2017 Stephen R. Reimer
English; University of Alberta; Edmonton, Canada
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Created: 29 Oct. 1998; Last revised: 30 Oct. 2017
URLs verified: 27 Nov. 2017

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