Today in Orlando
This is a small sample drawn from within and beyond the lives and careers of writers. Look again tomorrow! Read more about The Orlando Project chronology.
7 July 1593
Christopher Marlowe’s tragedy Edward II was posthumously entered in the Stationers’ Register.
7 July 1623
Lucy Davies (daughter of Lady Eleanor Davies, later Lady Eleanor Douglas), was married, aged ten, to Ferdinando Hastings, heir of Lord Huntingdon; a second ceremony was held a month later. She remained, though, with her family.
7 July 1754
Frances Seymour (formerly Countess of Hertford, now dowager Duchess of Somerset) died.
7 July 1770
John Wesley made one of his visits to Mary Bosanquet’s settlement at Cross Hall, which he called “a pattern, and a general blessing to the country.”
7 July 1776
Elizabeth and Joseph Inchbald sailed from Shields in Scotland for France, in order for Elizabeth to study French and her husband to improve his painting.
7 July 1791
With feelings of immense relief, Frances Burney finally left her Keeper of the Robes position at Court, which she had held since 1786.
7 July 1796
Sarah Harriet Burney published, anonymously, her first book: Clarentine. A Novel.
7 July 1809
Jane Austen, with her mother, her sister, and their friend Martha Lloyd, moved from Southampton to the security of Chawton Cottage in Hampshire.
7 July 1814
Walter Scott caused a sensation with Waverley, his first novel, a historical work published anonymously with a dedication to the sentimental novelist Henry Mackenzie.
7 July 1816
Richard Brinsley Sheridan, playwright, theatre manager, and politician, died in London.
7 July 1818
Catherine Anne Austen (later Catherine Hubback) was born at Chawton House in Hampshire; she was a fourth daughter, far down among a family of eleven brothers and sisters.
7 July 1821
Anna Letitia Barbauld met Charles Lamb and his sister Mary. Charles had already, in the privacy of a letter, railed at “the cursed Barbauld Crew” whose didactic tales had driven out old, “wild” tales, Science driving out Fancy.
7 July 1832
Ann Hatton was soliciting subscribers for Fifty-two Poetic Cumaean Leaves, Predicting the Destiny of Ladies and Gentlemen.
7 July 1839
Margaret Emily Shore died of tuberculosis at the age of nineteen, the year after her family moved from England to the island of Madeira in an attempt to improve her health.
7 July 1848
Newby’s advertisement of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall in the US as the work of Currer Bell prompted Charlotte and Anne Brontë to make a sudden trip to London to refute the claim.
7 July 1848
Charlotte Brontë travelled to London with her sister Anne to refute the claim that Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell were a single author.
7 July 1849
George Meredith’s first published work, the poem Chillianwallah, appeared in Chambers’s Edinburgh Journal.
7 July 1859
The first meeting of the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women was held in London; founding members included Anna Jameson, Emily Faithfull, Jessie Boucherett, Adelaide Procter, Bessie Rayner Parkes, Isa Craig, and Sarah Lewin.
The group sought to expand the range of gainful employment available to women beyond teaching, needlework, or domestic service. The argument that women were well suited for certain trades, such as printing, helped lead to all-women printing houses, such as the Victoria Press. The society operated at least into the 1890s.
7 July 1860
Florence Farr was born near London, at Bickley in Kent.
7 July 1882
This date was written on a threatening letter thrust into Lady Florence Dixie’s hand, signed Liberty, saying she would be assassinated if she did not cease her activity in Irish political matters.
7 July 1883
Robert Browning dated his first of many letters addressed to Edith Cooper and Katharine Harris Bradley, who were soon to publish together as Michael Field.
7 July 1892
In the British general election of this month, James Keir Hardie and two other candidates became the first independent Labour Members of Parliament.
Hardie stood for the constituency of West Ham South. In the 1895 elections, neither he nor the twenty-seven other candidates standing for the now officially constituted Independent Labour Party were elected.
7 July 1907
Annie Louisa Walker died in Bath, aged around seventy.
7 July 1912
L. M. Montgomery gave birth to her first son, Chester Cameron Macdonald, at the age of thirty-eight.
7 July 1916
Representatives from the Women’s Police Service (Margaret Damer Dawson and Mary Allen) signed an agreement with the Ministry of Munitions for the employment of women police to regulate and oversee the conduct of female munitions workers.
7 July 1917
The Army Council Instruction No. 1069 formally declared the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was to substitute women for soldiers in certain home employment or on lines of communication overseas.
This official recognition resulted from the determination of the War Office to increase the human resources available for the war effort. It was stressed that no woman would be taken on except specifically for the purpose of freeing a male soldier.
7 July 1922
Katherine Mansfield wrote The Canary, the last story she ever finished, as a gift for Brett.
7 July 1927
Pomes Penyeach, a “tiny volume covered in the pale green of Joyce’s favorite apple, the Calville, was published by Shakespeare and Company, selling, as the title suggested, for a shilling or twelve francs.”
7 July 1937
Japan launched a full-scale invasion of China: by the end of the month the Japanese had taken Peking.
The following month they reached the treaty port of Shanghai, with its large expatriate British colony.
7 July 1946
BBC television broadcast to children for the first time, in For the Children.
7 July 1975
The first work by the Afro-American writer Ntozake Shange opened off Broadway in New York: the choreopoem (or verse sequence for musical performance with dance) For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When the Rainbow is Enuf.
This piece (published the same year) was produced with dancer Paula Moss, and was re-worked in 1982 as a film. Shange, born Paulette Williams, chose for herself her Zulu name, which means “she who comes with her own things” and “she who walks like a lion.” She has gone on to publish further dramatic works and poems, as well as novels, essays, and stories.
7 July 1978
The Solomon Islands became independent from Britain.
7 July 1990
Martina Navratilova won the women’s singles title at the Wimbledon tennis tournament for the ninth time, beating the record of eight wins set by Helen Wills Moody between 1927 and 1938.
7 July 2005
Fifty-two people died and many were injured in suicide bombings on the London tube and a bus during the morning rush hour.
Apart from the dead, more than 700 people were injured: most of them working people, many of international origins. The four suicide bombers, aged between nineteen and thirty, were all British and came from secure and apparently moderate backgrounds. Two weeks later a second wave of bombs placed in similar places failed to cause significant damage.