The Orlando Project team includes researchers with expertise in women’s writing, literary history, humanities computing, and computing science. It has included, over time, Co-Investigators, Post-Doctoral Fellows, Research Associates, Graduate and Undergraduate Research Assistants, Systems Analysts and Programmers, Librarians, and technical and administrative support personnel.

the Orlando trio smaller

Susan Brown, Patricia Clements and Isobel Grundy have overall responsibility for the Orlando Project.

Summer_2013 thumbnailSusan Brown, Technical Director, is Canada Research Chair in Collaborative Digital Scholarship and Professor in the School of English and Theatre Studies at the University of Guelph, Visiting Professor in English and Film Studies and Humanities Computing, and a founding member of the Orlando Project. She is seconded half-time to the University of Alberta for her work in Orlando. She is responsible for Victorian materials in the textbase. Her areas of research interest include Victorian women writers, Victorian poetry and poetics, the relationship of Victorian writing to diverse social fields including feminism, imperialism, and economics, and various aspects of the digital humanities. She was a contributor to the Feminist Companion to Literature in English and to the Oxford Companion to Women’s Writing in the United States, and has published essays in the Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry (ed. J. Bristow), Victorian Women Poets (ed. A. Chapman), Literature and Money (ed. A. Purdy), Gender and Colonialism (ed. S. Ryder et al), and in journals including Feminist Studies, Victorian Poetry, Victorian Review, English Studies in Canada, Literary and Linguistic Computing, and Digital Humanities Quarterly. She received a University of Guelph Faculty Association Special Merit Teaching Award in 1999. She leads the Canadian Writing Research Collaboratory infrastructure project, which builds on Orlando’s pioneering work in online scholarly collaboration and is funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation.

pat_informal thumbnailPatricia Clements, Founding Director of the Orlando Project, Principal Investigator on the original MCRI grant, directed the project from inception until publication. She is responsible for twentieth-century materials in the textbase. She is co-author/editor, with Virginia Blain and Isobel Grundy, of The Feminist Companion to Literature in English, 1990, the first reference work to women’s writing in the various literary traditions in English, and co-editor with Isobel Grundy of Virginia Woolf: New Critical Essays, 1983. She has published on nineteenth-century French and English poetry and prose: Baudelaire and the English Tradition, 1985; The Poems of Thomas Hardy, ed. with Juliet Grindle, 1980. She served two terms as Dean of Arts at the University of Alberta, and a term as President of the Humanities and Social Sciences Federation of Canada. She received a BA from the University of Alberta, a DPhil from Oxford University, and an honorary DLitt from Brock University. She is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Alberta and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 2015, Prof. Clements received an honorary DLitt from the University of Alberta.

Grundy.portrait thumbnailIsobel Grundy, Research Director, is Professor Emeritus at the University of Alberta. She received her degrees from Oxford University, where she was a member of St Anne’s College. Between her BA and her DPhil she worked for six years in Finland, London, and New York. She taught at Queen Mary College (now Queen Mary and Westfield College), London University, from 1971, then moved to the University of Alberta in 1990 as Henry Marshall Tory Professor. Her areas of research interest are women writers in English from the Medieval period through the long eighteenth century: favourite authors Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Samuel Johnson. She was one of the author/editors of The Feminist Companion. Her Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Comet of the Enlightenment appeared from Oxford University Press in 1999 (paperback 2001). She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In September 2000 she was awarded the University of Alberta’s highest honour, the University Cup, for excellence in research and teaching.

Corrinne Harol, Literary Director, joined the Project in late 2015. Dr. Harol (PhD UCLA), Associate Professor in the Department of English and Film Studies, University of Alberta, specializes in Restoration and eighteenth-century literature and culture. Areas of research interest include the intersections of literary, scientific, political, and religious discourses; intellectual history and critical theory; feminist theory and gender studies. She is the author of Enlightened Virginity in Eighteenth-Century Literature as well as journal articles and book chapters on eighteenth century literature.

Jeff Antoniuk joined the Orlando Project as Systems Analyst in 2002. He holds an MSc in Computing Science from the University of Alberta and a BSc from Brandon University. As a student at the University of Alberta, Jeff was a member of the Database System Research Group, and his interests include information retrieval and data-mining (knowledge discovery in data). In 2011 Jeffery joined the Canadian Writing Research Collaboratory as Senior Programmer.

In 2013 Kathryn Holland, formerly a GRA and then a research associate on the project, rejoined as Senior Research Associate. She holds a BA and MA from the Alberta and a D.Phil. from Oxford University, and is a member of the English Department at MacEwan University. Her research and teaching interests include Victorian and modernist literature, archival studies, gender studies, and digital humanities.

Mihaela Ilovan became Metadata Coordinator on CWRC and Textbase Manager on the Orlando Project in 2013.

Mariana Paredes-Olea, who holds an MA in Humanities Computing from the University of Alberta and an MA in Spanish from the University of Toronto, was Textbase Manager on the Orlando Project from January 2009 and Metadata Coordinator on CWRC from 2010 until 2012. She now holds a position as E Book Cataloguer and Metadata Assistant with the University of Alberta Library, but offers valuable assistance to Orlando on occasion.

Ruth Knechtel, was Textbase Manager on the Orlando Project and Metadata Coordinator on CWRC from 2012 until 2013. She is now Research Facilitator (Humanities) at Wilfrid Laurier University.

Jana Smith Elford joined the project in 2009; Nadine Adelaar in 2011; Michelle Gregory in 2012.

CWRC students who have worked in collaboration with Orlando:  Megan Sellmer, Ashley Moroz, Larissa Swayze, Jessica Rattcliffe, Breanna Mroczek, Elena Dergacheva, Kristi Abramoff, Anita Cutic, Willow White.

Special thanks to those who have volunteered as research assistants: Justine Baskey, Abigail Chapman, Sydney Kruth, Alison Uttley. Erik Drebit and Kirsten Nicholson also contributed to the project in connection with coursework.

Co-Investigators on Grants Held

Renée Elio, former Project Co-investigator, graduated summa cum laude with a BA (honors) degree in psychology from Smith College in 1977. She did graduate work at both Yale University and Carnegie-Mellon University, receiving her PhD in cognitive psychology from CMU in 1981. Upon graduation she accepted a professional staff position with Bell Labs (Whippany NJ) in the Information and Decision Sciences group. In 1983 she moved to Alberta to take a position as an NSERC Industrial Fellow Chair with the Alberta Research Council. She was Associate Vice President (Research) of the Department of Computing Science at the University of Alberta from 2007 to 2013. She is currently a Professor of Computing Science on Administrative Leave since January 2014.

Rebecca Cameron, former Project Co-Investigator, first joined Orlando as a Post-Doctoral Fellow in 1999. In Fall 2002 she became Assistant Professor at the University of Saskatchewan, teaching modern British literature and drama. She is currently Associate Professor of English at DePaul University in Chicago.

Jo-Ann Wallace, former Project Co-Investigator, was Professor and Chair of Women’s Studies at the University of Alberta. She is former Chair of the English Department, University of Alberta, and editor of English Studies in Canada. Her research areas included women’s literary modernism, feminist theory, and studies in “the child” and children’s literature. She has since retired.

Stan Ruecker, formerly Project Co-Investigator (and before that an Orlando GRA), is an Associate Professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. His current research interests are in the areas of humanities visualization, the future of reading, and information design. Prior to this position he was an Associate Professor in the University of Alberta’s interdisciplinary Humanities Computing program, where he supervised graduate students and led seminars on experimental interface design, knowledge management and analysis, research methods, interdisciplinary research project management, and critical discourse analysis.

Advisory Panel During the Early Years

Virginia Blain, formerly Associate Professor of Victorian and Modern Literature at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, was one of the authors of The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women’s Writing from the Middle Ages to the Present. In 1998 she published Caroline Bowles Southey, 1786 – 1854: The Making of a Woman Writer. She has edited various titles including Wilkie Collins’s No Name for Oxford University Press, and two volumes with Isobel Armstrong: Women’s Poetry in the Enlightenment: The Making of a Canon, 1730 – 1820, and Women’s Poetry, late Romantic to late Victorian: Gender and Genre, 1820 – 1900, both 1999, and Victorian Women Poets, an annotated anthology that is part of the Longman Annotated Texts series, in 2001.

The late Marilyn Butler, FRSL, FRSA, did major work on Romantic and eighteenth-century British Literature, and in feminist criticism and literary-historical methodology. Her major publications include Maria Edgeworth: a Literary Biography, 1972, Jane Austen and the War of Ideas, 1975, Peacock Displayed, 1979, and Romantics, Rebels, and Reactionaries, 1981. She edited, among other titles, Burke, Paine, Godwin and the Revolution Controversy, 1984, Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, 1989, Frankenstein, 1993, and the Pickering edition of Edgeworth. She held the positions of King Edward VII Professor at Cambridge and Rector of Exeter College, Oxford (one of the earliest women to head a formerly all-male Oxford college). In December of 2015, a conference was held in her honour, Marilyn Butler and the War of Ideas, at Chawton House Library, with keynote speakers Professor Jim Chandler (University of Chicago) and Professor Heather Glen (University of Cambridge). The commemorative conference was also the site of the launch of Mapping Mythologies: Countercurrents in Eighteenth-Century British Poetry and Cultural History, a book left unfinished by Butler at the time of her death and was completed by Heather Glen for publication in 2015.

Paul Delany has co-edited two books in the area of computers and the humanities with George Landow: Hypermedia and Literary Studies, 1991, and The Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities, 1993. His other publications include D. H. Lawrence’s Nightmare: The Writer and His Circle in the Years of the Great War, 1978, studies of the literary marketplace and the postmodern city, and biographies of Bill Brandt (2004) and George Gissing (2008). He is Professor Emeritus of English and former Chair of the Department of English and the Department of Political Science at Simon Fraser University.

Patricia Demers is Professor of English at the University of Alberta and was the first woman to be President of the Royal Society of Canada, 2005-2007. She was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012. Her major publications include The World of Hannah More, 1996; A Seasonal Romance: Louis Hemon’s Maria Chapdelaine, 1993; Heaven Upon Earth: The Form of Moral and Religious Children’s Literature to 1850, 1993; Women as Interpreters of the Bible, 1992; and P. L. Travers, 1991, and on CD-ROM, 1995. She has edited A Garland from the Golden Age: An Anthology of Children’s Literature from 1850 to 1900, 1983; The Beginning of Print Culture in Athabasca Country: A Facsimile Edition and Translation of a Prayer Book in Cree Syllabics, 2010; Travels and Tales of Miriam Green Ellis: Pioneer Journalist of the Canadian West, 2013; and co-edited From Instruction to Delight: An Anthology of Children’s Literature to 1850, 1982. Her research interests include Jacobean drama, 17th-century poetry, biblical literature, children’s literature, and Canadian women’s writing.

Julia Flanders was formerly Textbase Manager and later Director of the Women Writers Project (Women Writers Online) at Brown University. She holds position at Northeastern University (which thus becomes the home of WWP) as a Professor of Practice in the English Department (with an affiliation to the NULab for Texts, Maps, and Networks) and as Director of the Digital Scholarship Group in the Northeastern University Library. Her research concerns include editorial theory and its relationship to electronic textuality, the history and gender politics of scholarly editing, and approaches to documentary transcription in TEI/SGML. She wrote a chapter, “Rethinking Collections” in Advancing the Digital Humanities, 2014, and co-authored a chapter, “Data Modelling”, with Fotis Jannadis in A New Companion to Digital Humanities, 2016.

Susan Hockey has retired as Professor of Library and Information Studies at University College, London. Before that (1997-1999) she was Director of the Canadian Institute for Research Computing in the Arts at the University of Alberta, and before that (1991-1997) Director of the Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities (CETH), and (until 1991) Director of Computers in Teaching Initiative Centre for Textual Studies, Oxford University. She has taught courses on humanities computing and is the author of A Guide to Computer Applications in the Humanities, SNOBOL Programming for the Humanities, and the Micro-OCP Manual. She gave the first annual Susan Hockey Lecture in Digital humanities, a yearly public lecture series with the aim to celebrate and promote work in the Digital Humanities, at University College, London on May 27, 2015.

Ludmilla Jordanova moved in 2013 from King’s College, London, to Durham University as Professor of in the Department of History. She is currently a Professor of Visual Culture in the Department of History, Associate in the Department of Philosophy, and Interim Director of the Centre for Visual Arts and Culture. She has taught at the Universities of East Anglia, Cambridge, York, and Essex. She has published widely on cultural history, on gender, and on medical history. Among her essays the following are noteworthy: “Gender and the Historiography of Science,” British Journal for the History of Science, 26, 1993; “The Art and Science of Seeing in Medicine: Physiognomy 1780 – 1820,” Medicine and the Five Senses, ed W.F. Bynum and Roy Porter, 1993; and “Museums: Representing the Real?” in Realism and Representation: Essays on the Problem of Realism in Relation to Science, Literature and Culture, ed George Levins, 1993. Her books include Sexual Visions: Images of Gender in Science and Medicine, 1989, Nature Displayed: Gender, Science and Medicine 1760-1820, 1999, History in Practice, 2000, and The Look of the Past: Visual and Material Evidence in Historical Practice, 2012.

Peter J. M. Lown, QC, has an LLB (Hons.) from the University of Glasgow and a Master’s from the University of Saskatchewan. He joined the Faculty of Law at the University of Alberta in 1969 and became a Professor in 1980. He was admitted to the Alberta Bar in 1973 and appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1994. He practices in the area of Family, Conflicts, Corporate, and Intellectual Property Law, and teaches Intellectual Property, Communications Law, and Entertainment Law. He was heavily involved in the development of computer databases and the integration of micro-computers into the teaching and practice of law. He has published extensively in the Communications and Corporate areas, among others. After a year as special counsel to the Alberta Law Reform Institute to report on electronic depositories and transfer of securities, he was appointed Director of the Institute. In January 2001 he received the Law Society CBA Award for Distinguished Service to Legal Scholarship and in 2005 he received the Alberta Centennial Award.

The late Jane Marcus is Distinguished Professor of English at the City University of New York and the City College of New York. She helped found the women’s studies departments at University of Texas and University of Illinois at Chicago. Her major publications included Virginia Woolf and the Languages of Patriarchy, 1987, and Art and Anger, 1988. She has edited New Feminist Essays on Virginia Woolf, 1981, The Young Rebecca West, 1982, Virginia Woolf: A Feminist Slant, 1983, Suffrage and the Pankhursts, 1987, Virginia Woolf and Bloomsbury, 1987, and Virginia Woolf: Cambridge and A Room of One’s Own: “The Proper Upkeep of Names, 1996. Her research interests were in modernism, feminist theory and criticism, canonicity, and women’s autobiography and biography.

Juliet McMaster, FRSC, is Professor Emeritus at the University of Alberta. Her major publications include Thackeray: The Major Novels, 1971, Jane Austen on Love, 1978, Trollope’s Palliser Novels, 1978, and Dickens the Designer, 1987. With R. D. McMaster, she wrote The Novel from Sterne to James, 1981. She has written widely on eighteenth and nineteenth-century literature, including much on Austen, George Eliot, Frances Burney, and Emily Brontë. She has edited with Bruce Stovel Jane Austen’s Business: Her World and Her Profession, 1996, and with Edward Copeland The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, 1997.

Patricia Prestwich is Professor Emeritus in the Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta. Her area of specialization is French history and she has worked in the areas of psychiatric history, particularly women and madness, and also on conservative women and politics.

Bonnie Kime Scott was Professor of English and Women’s Studies at the University of Delaware and moved in 2001 to the Women’s Studies Department at San Diego State University. She was Professor of Women’s Studies there from 2001 to 2011, latterly as Chair, and is now Emerita. Her most recent book is In the Hollow of the Wave: Virginia Woolf and Modernist Uses of Nature (2012). Previous works include Joyce and Feminism, the Gender of Modernism: a Critical Anthology, and a 2-volume study centring on Virginia Woolf, Rebecca West and Djuna Barnes, Refiguring Modernism. Her edition of Rebecca West’s letters was published by Yale University Press in 2000.

Ann B. Shteir was Professor of Humanities and Women’s Studies at York University, now retired. Her research has been in eighteenth-century women’s writing, women’s writing and science culture, women and botanical culture. Her book Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760 to 1860 won the 1996 Joan Kelly Prize from the American Historical Association. She co-edited with Barbara T. Gates Natural Eloquence: Women Reinscribe Science, 1997.

Former Staff Members and Collaborators

Sharon Farnel, MA, MLIS, was Textbase Manager for the Orlando Project from 2000-2008. In September of that year she began work as a full-time sessional Librarian with the University of Alberta. Currently, her work with the Library is in two areas. The first is web development, where she works as part of the team responsible for the look and feel, content and architecture of the Library’s website. The second is metadata, where she works as part of the digitization team on metadata structure and content for a variety of ongoing and upcoming digital projects with which the Library is involved. Her research interests include metadata standards and crosswalking, and the online information seeking behaviours of humanities scholars. In her free time she enjoys walking and skating, watching sports of all kinds (particularly hockey and soccer) and book collecting.

Benjamin Authers was a Grant Notley Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of English and Film Studies at the University of Alberta. His research at the University of Alberta looked at how concepts of responsibility function in the law and literature of nineteenth-century Canada to create and reinforce certain culturally-privileged ideas of behaviour, citizenship, and the ideal nation. This work built upon the interdisciplinary work in Law and Literature of his doctoral dissertation, an analysis of human rights in contemporary Canadian legal and literary texts, as well as his ongoing research in nineteenth-century fiction from across the British Empire. In addition to his work with Orlando, Ben’s research has been published in University of Toronto Quarterly, The Review of Education, Pedagogy & Cultural Studies, and The Journal of the Association for the Study of Australian Literature. Since 2011, he has been employed as the Australian Research Council Laureate Postdoctoral Fellow at the Centre for International Governance and Justice at the Australian National University at Canberra.

Allen Renear, Project Co-investigator, received an AB from Bowdoin College and an AM and PhD from Brown University, specializing in knowledge representation and the philosophy of science. After spending several years teaching philosophy and running an electronic publishing business he joined Brown’s Computing and Information Services in 1984, working first as a systems analyst and project leader, and then as a strategic planner. During this time he consulted on or managed many humanities computing projects and became involved in a variety of text encoding and computing activities including participating in X3V1.TG8 (the ANSI Technical Group which developed SGML) and serving on the Advisory Board of the Text Encoding Initiative. He later served as interim Director for Technology at the Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory, becoming Director of the Brown University Scholarly Technology Group in 1993, as well as Director of the Women Writers Project, President of the Association for Humanities Computing (ACH), and an adjunct Professor of English at the University of Alberta. He is now Dean and Professor at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Illinois.

Former Project Members

  • Nadine Adelaar
  • Barbara Alvarez
  • Nazareth Arabaghian
  • Michelle Balen
  • Neale Barnholden
  • Shauna Barry
  • Janice Beaveridge
  • Katherine Binhammer
  • Rebecca Blain
  • Rebecca Blasco
  • Melisa Brittain
  • Inge Brown
  • Jocelyn Brown
  • Pippa Brush
  • Adela Burke
  • Terry Butler
  • Kris Calhoun
  • Kathryn Carter
  • Jennifer Chambers
  • Ben Chen
  • Tina Cheng
  • Karen Chow
  • Joanna Cockerline
  • Amy Cote
  • Cindy Couldwell
  • Greg Coulombe
  • Tamara de Dominicis
  • Leslie Dema
  • Jason Dewinetz
  • Michelle Di Cintio
  • Lisa Dublin
  • Paul Dyck
  • Carmen Ellison
  • Barbara Falk
  • Sue Fisher
  • Anna Ford
  • Alyson Fortowsky
  • Ernst Gerhardt
  • Dave Gomboc
  • Cathy Grant
  • George Grinnell
  • Alexandra Guselle
  • Katherine Hanz
  • Kathryn Harvey
  • Andrea Hasenbank
  • Jane Haslett
  • Debra Henderson
  • Lisa Hennigar
  • Catherine Higginson
  • Amanda Hooper
  • Karine Hopper
  • Deirdre Hunt
  • Chelsea Jack
  • Rob Jackson
  • Nikhil Jayadevan
  • Marilyn Jones
  • Nicole Keating
  • Devorah Kobluk
  • Deanna Kruger
  • Kate Lane-Smith
  • Joanna Langille
  • Julien Lapointe
  • Carolyn Lee
  • Nadine LeGier
  • Mary Elizabeth Leighton
  • Andrew Mactavish
  • Roxanne Maharaj
  • Kristen Mandziuk
  • Ozma Mazood
  • Heather McAsh
  • Margaret McCutcheon
  • Mark McCutcheon
  • Chelsea Miya
  • Aimée Morrison
  • Breanna Mroczek
  • Don Myroon
  • Catherine Nelson-McDermott
  • Tram Nguyen
  • Ananda Pellerin
  • Roland Penner
  • Mike Plouffe
  • Anthony Purgas
  • Elizabeth Quinn
  • Jessica Ratcliffe
  • Robyn Read
  • Ashley Reid
  • Esther Rosario
  • Julie Ruel
  • Maitreyi Sanjay
  • Laura Schechter
  • Janice Schroeder
  • Jessie Scoble
  • Caley Skinner
  • Kayla Snyder
  • Kevin Spencer
  • Laura Stenberg
  • Sarah Timleck
  • Kristina Trevors
  • Jill Tzupa
  • Sylvia Vance
  • Jeanne Wood
  • Katherine Woodman
  • Samantha West

Reviews of Orlando

Melanie Bigold in ABO

Like most scholars today, I make frequent use of digital databases . . . . Most of these sessions have left me jaded about the motivations (grant capture before research questions) and limitations (potential obsolescence) of such initiatives. Orlando is, and hopefully will remain, one of the exceptions in this landscape. . . . the term textbase rather than database signal[s] the myriad ways the text and electronic structure can provide qualitative responses to complex research questions. This is not digitisation with extras but literary scholarship and history that is searchable and adaptable to the needs of individual researchers.

Melanie Bigold. ABO. Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 3:1 (April 2013).

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